Mycosporine-like amino acids and related Gadusols: biosynthesis, acumulation, and UV-protective functions in aquatic organisms.

  title={Mycosporine-like amino acids and related Gadusols: biosynthesis, acumulation, and UV-protective functions in aquatic organisms.},
  author={J. Malcolm Shick and Walter C. Dunlap},
  journal={Annual review of physiology},
  • J. ShickW. Dunlap
  • Published 2002
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • Annual review of physiology
Organisms living in clear, shallow water are exposed to the damaging wavelengths of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) coincident with the longer wavelengths of photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) also necessary for vision. With the general exception of bacteria, taxonomically diverse marine and freshwater organisms have evolved the capacity to synthesize or accumulate UV-absorbing mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs), presumably for protection against environmental UVR. This review… 

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