Mutual Mother-Pup Recognition in Galápagos Fur Seals and Sea Lions: Cues Used and Functional Significance

@article{Trillmich1981MutualMR,
  title={Mutual Mother-Pup Recognition in Gal{\'a}pagos Fur Seals and Sea Lions: Cues Used and Functional Significance},
  author={Fritz Trillmich},
  journal={Behaviour},
  year={1981},
  volume={78},
  pages={21-42}
}
Field observations on Galapagos fur seals and sea lions indicate mutual recognition between mother and pup. High calling activity and intensive interactions of mother and pup immediately after birth appear to establish recognition within the first few hours (mother) or days (pup) of birth. Females of both species nurse exclusively their own young and reject strange ones, sometimes very aggressively. The prompt reactions of pups to their mothers' Pup Attraction Calls (PACs) suggest that the… 
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