Mutation in nucleotide-binding domains of sulfonylurea receptor 2 evokes Na-ATP-dependent activation of ATP-sensitive K+ channels: implication for dimerization of nucleotide-binding domains to induce channel opening.
The ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel is composed of a sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) and a pore-forming subunit, Kir6.2. SUR is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein with two nucleotide-binding domains (NBD1 and NBD2). Intracellular ATP inhibits KATP channels through Kir6.2 and activates them through NBDs. However, it is still unknown how ATP-bound NBDs… (More)