Mutation in CUL4B, which encodes a member of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase complex, causes X-linked mental retardation.

Abstract

We reevaluated a previously reported family with an X-linked mental retardation syndrome and attempted to identify the underlying genetic defect. Screening of candidate genes in a 10-Mb region on Xq25 implicated CUL4B as the causative gene. CUL4B encodes a scaffold protein that organizes a cullin-RING (really interesting new gene) ubiquitin ligase (E3) complex in ubiquitylation. A base substitution, c.1564C-->T, converted a codon for arginine into a premature termination codon, p.R388X, and rendered the truncated peptide completely devoid of the C-terminal catalytic domain. The nonsense mutation also results in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay in patients. In peripheral leukocytes of obligate carriers, a strong selection against cells expressing the mutant allele results in an extremely skewed X-chromosome inactivation pattern. Our findings point to the functional significance of CUL4B in cognition and in other aspects of human development.

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@article{Zou2007MutationIC, title={Mutation in CUL4B, which encodes a member of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase complex, causes X-linked mental retardation.}, author={Yongxin Zou and Qi-ji Liu and Bingxi Chen and Xiyu Zhang and Chenhong Guo and Haibin Zhou and Jiangxia Li and Guimin Gao and Yishou Guo and Chuanzhu Yan and Jianjun Wei and Changshun Shao and Yaoqin Gong}, journal={American journal of human genetics}, year={2007}, volume={80 3}, pages={561-6} }