Mutagens in contaminated soil: a review.

@article{White2004MutagensIC,
  title={Mutagens in contaminated soil: a review.},
  author={Paul A. White and Larry D. Claxton},
  journal={Mutation research},
  year={2004},
  volume={567 2-3},
  pages={
          227-345
        }
}
The intentional and accidental discharges of toxic pollutants into the lithosphere results in soil contamination. In some cases (e.g., wood preserving wastes, coal-tar, airborne combustion by-products), the contaminated soil constitutes a genotoxic hazard. This work is a comprehensive review of published information on soil mutagenicity. In total, 1312 assessments of genotoxic activity from 118 works were examined. The majority of the assessments (37.6%) employed the Salmonella mutagenicity… Expand
The mutagenic hazards of aquatic sediments: a review.
TLDR
A comprehensive review of published studies that investigated the genotoxicity of sediments in rivers, lakes and marine habitats revealed mutagenic potency values for sediment extracts that spans over seven orders of magnitude from not detectable to highly potent. Expand
Soil mutagenicity as a strategy to evaluate environmental and health risks in a contaminated area.
TLDR
The study showed that it is essential to evaluate the extent of contamination from the soil to delimit remedial measures and avoid damage to the ecological balance and to human health. Expand
Soil mutagenicity - Effects of acidification and organic pollutants in urban/industrial areas.
TLDR
Local rainfall may be an environmental contamination route, with additional risk of releasing toxic substances during acid precipitation events, and evaluation of the effects of soil sieving on the samples mutagenicity showed different mutagenic responses. Expand
Mutagenicity assessment of contaminated soil in the vicinity of industrial area
TLDR
In the industrial area of Chinhat, Lucknow (India) wastewater coming from pesticide manufacturing and other industries is used to irrigate the agricultural crops, polluting the soil and pollutants might reach the food chain. Expand
Mutagenic potency in Salmonella typhimurium of organic extracts of soil samples originating from urban, suburban, agricultural, forest and natural areas.
TLDR
No clear correlation was found between the mutagenicity detected in soil extracts and the measured polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content of the soils investigated. Expand
Using the Salmonella assay to delineate the dispersion routes of mutagenic compounds from coal wastes in contaminated soil.
TLDR
The interpretation of the set of mutagenesis data suggests that there are two important mutagenic compound dispersion routes in the area of study: frameshift mutagens were dispersed predominantly by runoff and leaching, while base-pair substitution mutagen were dispersed mainly by the atmosphere. Expand
Cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of tannery waste contaminated soils.
Soil samples from agricultural fields in the vicinity of industrial area of Jajmau, Kanpur (India) were collected and found to be heavily contaminated with various toxic heavy metals. GC-MS analysisExpand
Mutagenicity and induction of CYP1A- enzymes from organic extracts of soil samples from nursery schools, evaluated by in vitro studies
Polluted soil can be a problem in urban areas, and can have a direct impact on human health upon exposure. The toxic potential of mixtures can be mediated by constituents and information aboutExpand
Assessment of sediment mutagenicity in areas under the influence of a contaminated site undergoing a remediation process
TLDR
Contamination in Ta010 and possible contribution to Ta006, after intervention, provides a warning regarding environmental quality in the region, and mutagenicity and PAHs values in an internal stream, upstream from Ta010, showed a dispersion route of these agents. Expand
Runoff of genotoxic compounds in river basin sediment under the influence of contaminated soils.
TLDR
The strategy employed using the Salmonella/microsome assay to evaluate effects of complex contaminant mixtures, together with information about the main groups of compounds present, allowed the detection of pollutant dispersion routes from the contaminated site to the Taquari River sediment. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 541 REFERENCES
The mutagenic hazards of aquatic sediments: a review.
TLDR
A comprehensive review of published studies that investigated the genotoxicity of sediments in rivers, lakes and marine habitats revealed mutagenic potency values for sediment extracts that spans over seven orders of magnitude from not detectable to highly potent. Expand
Soil contamination detected using bacterial and plant mutagenicity tests and chemical analyses.
TLDR
Some soil samples showed mutagenic activity with the Ames test and clastogenicity with the Tradescantia/micronucleus test, and the same soils showed high concentrations of genotoxic PAH and heavy metals. Expand
Mutagenicity of three agricultural soils.
TLDR
The results of this combined testing protocol indicate that the agricultural soils tested had an inherent level of mutagenic activity, which was not detected by GC/MS analysis alone, and this activity may be related to the past history of agricultural practices, including biocide applications, fertilization, and cultivation. Expand
Genotoxic activity detected in soils from a hazardous waste site by the ames test and an SOS colorimetric test
TLDR
Both the Ames and SOS tests detected lower concentrations of genotoxins in methylene chloride than in cyclohexane extracts, which contributes to the simplicity of the method, reduction in expenses, and results within 1 working day all contribute to the advantages of the SOS test. Expand
Evaluation of toxic and genotoxic potential of stabilized industrial waste and contaminated soils.
TLDR
The toxicity and genotoxicity of artificial aqueous fractions obtained from contaminated soils and stabilized industrial wastes have been evaluated in vivo in the aquatic larvae of the amphibian Xenopus laevis and the main conclusions are the importance of integrating different toxicity criterias into a biological battery. Expand
Using Short-Term Mutagenicity Tests for the Evaluation of Genotoxicity of Contaminated Soils
The study is aimed at evaluating the genotoxicity of contaminated soils using two bacterial mutagenicity assays — the Ames test and the SOS Chromotest. Initially, attention is directed at the methodExpand
The characterization of the mutagenic activity of soil.
TLDR
Soil mutagens can be a significant complicating factor to those using the Ames/Salmonella assay for environmental sampling, and HPLC fractionation shows that there is more than one separable component responsible for the mutagenicity of the soil. Expand
Soil mutagens are airborne mutagens: variation of mutagenic activities induced in Salmonella typhimurium TA 98 and TA 100 by organic extracts of agricultural and forest soils in dependence on location and season.
TLDR
The results agree with the hypothesis of an airborne origin of soil mutagens, deposition, and an adjacent transformation to non-mutagenic compounds by soil microorganisms. Expand
Mutagenic characterization of soil and water samples from a superfund site
Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the utility of short-term microbial bioassays to assess the mutagenic hazard of an uncontrolled hazardous waste site, and to compare the results fromExpand
Effect of a base-catalyzed dechlorination process on the genotoxicity of PCB-contaminated soil
Abstract We evaluated the genotoxicity of dichloromethane (DCM) extracts of PCB-contaminated soil before and after the soil had been treated by a base-catalyzed dechlorination process. The treatmentExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...