Effects of furazolidone on the mutation ofVibrio cholerae cells to streptomycin resistance
The mutagenic activity of 5 nitrofuran drugs (furadantin, furoxon, furacin, benzazon VII and lampit) was tested on strainsSalmonella typhimurium TA 100, TA 1535, TA 1538 andEscherichia coli WP2uvra + and WP2uvr A. All nitrofurans tested had a marked mutagenic effect on strain TA 100 and, partially, on strain TA 1535 except for furoxon which was strongly toxic for this strain. No significant mutagenic effects of the drugs were observed with strain TA 1538. With the exception of lympit, all drugs exerted a mutagenie action onE.coli WP2uvrA but no on WP2 uvrA+ which has an intact excision repair system. The only drug exerting a mutagenie effect on the latter strain was furoxon. All five nitrofurans exhibited a positive repair rest. The results support the notion that the nitrofuran mutagens under study induce single base substitutions.