• Corpus ID: 26422335

Music and testosterone. A new hypothesis for the origin and function of music.

  title={Music and testosterone. A new hypothesis for the origin and function of music.},
  author={Hajime Fukui},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  • H. Fukui
  • Published 2001
  • Biology, Psychology
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
The origin and function of music have been discussed extensively,1 but they remain a mystery. There have been numerous discussions about the close relationship between spatial ability and testosterone,2 spatial ability and musical ability,3 and testosterone and musical ability.4 The reason that a sex hormone such as testosterone is closely related to music is still unknown despite the many reports that music affects the human endocrine system.5 I reported findings that music suppressed… 

Figures from this paper

The effects of music and visual stress on testosterone and cortisol in men and women.
The data suggests that the effects of music and stress on T differ between males and females, and the relationships between music and other substances, the effect of degree of preference and hormonal changes not only during music listening but also during music plays and creation.
Relationships among Musical Aptitude, Digit Ratio and Testosterone in Men and Women
Results of Spearman correlations suggest that digit ratio and testosterone levels are statistically related to musical aptitude and performance only within the female sample, while none of these relationships were significant in the male sample.
Music and Steroids – Music Facilitates Steroid–Induced Synaptic Plasticity
Music and medicine have always been closely related. This remains true even in huntergatherer cultures that are thought to reflect primitive human forms, as clarified by cultural anthropological and
Music and the brain: neuromusicology
Music may be considered a special type of language. In addition to performing a communicative function –particularly that of transmitting emotions– it includes artistic and cultural facets. Musical
Towards an ethology of song: A categorization of musical behaviour
This paper deals with the differentiation and adaptive significance of musical, particularly singing behaviour. We discuss the relationship of speech and song and define song as a musical mode of
Music facilitate the neurogenesis, regeneration and repair of neurons.
Sex Drugs and Rock and Roll: Evidence Supporting the Storied Trilogy
Sex, drugs, and rock and roll (SDRR) is a storied trilogy in popular culture. However, in scientific literature, there is little empirical evidence to determine if there is a positive relationship
Evolution of Artistic and Athletic Propensities: Testing of Intersexual Selection and Intrasexual Competition
Since Darwin proposed that human musicality evolved through sexual selection, empirical evidence has supported intersexual selection as one of the adaptive functions of artistic propensities.
The Perception of Emotion in the Singing Voice: The Understanding of Music Mood for Music Organisation
Key results presented indicate that the rhythmic-melodic contour is potentially related to the perception of arousal whereas musical syntax and tempo can alter the perceived perception of valence.


Musical Talent and Visual-Spatial Abilities: A Longitudinal Study
The relationship between musical talent, especially the ability to compose and/or improvise, and visual-spatial ability was investi- gated. Subjects were 60 boys and 60 girls from 9 to 14 years of
The relationship between testosterone levels and cognitive ability patterns
Androgen–Behavior Correlations in Hypogonadal Men and Eugonadal Men
Testosterone may enhance verbal fluency in hypogonadal men and support the general hypothesis that current levels of testosterone may influence some aspects of cognitive function.
Salivary and plasma bound and "free" testosterone in men and women.
Oxytocin and sexual behavior
  • C. Carter
  • Biology, Psychology
    Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
  • 1992
Testosterone and musical talent.
  • M. Hassler
  • Psychology, Biology
    Experimental and clinical endocrinology
  • 1991
It is tentatively suggested that, among a complex interaction of biological and social factors, an optimal testosterone range may exist for the expression of creative musical behavior and that exceeding the range in the course of adolescence may be detrimental for musical creativity in boys.
Sexual behavior. In Hormonally Induced Changes in Mind and Brain
  • J. Schulkin
  • 1993
Oxytocin and sexual behavior. Neurosci
  • Behav. Rev
  • 1992