Muscular Alteration of Gill Geometry in vitro: Implications for Bivalve Pumping Processes

@article{Medler2001MuscularAO,
  title={Muscular Alteration of Gill Geometry in vitro: Implications for Bivalve Pumping Processes},
  author={Scott Medler and Harold I. Silverman},
  journal={The Biological Bulletin},
  year={2001},
  volume={200},
  pages={77 - 86}
}
In bivalves, water-pumping potential is determined both by ciliary activity and by the geometry of the system of passageways that acts as a conduit for water flow. Smooth muscles intrinsic to the gills of eulamellibranch bivalves possess the anatomical organization needed to regulate the dimensions of these water passageways. The tone of these muscles can be controlled experimentally using excitatory neurotransmitters to elicit muscle contraction and by removing Ca++ from the Ringer’s solution… 

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