Muscle tone regulation during REM sleep: neural circuitry and clinical significance.

@article{Vetrivelan2011MuscleTR,
  title={Muscle tone regulation during REM sleep: neural circuitry and clinical significance.},
  author={Ramalingam Vetrivelan and Chong-wang Chang and Jun Lu},
  journal={Archives italiennes de biologie},
  year={2011},
  volume={149 4},
  pages={
          348-66
        }
}
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is a distinct behavioral state characterized by an activated cortical and hippocampal electroencephalogram (EEG) and concurrent muscle atonia. Research conducted over the past 50 years has revealed the neuronal circuits responsible for the generation and maintenance of REM sleep, as well as the pathways involved in generating the cardinal signs of REM sleep such as cortical activation and muscle atonia. The generation and maintenance of REM sleep appear to involve… CONTINUE READING

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