Muscle tension dysphonia in Vietnamese female teachers.


There has been no published research on muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) in speakers who use a tonal language. Using a sample of 47 Northern Vietnamese female primary school teachers with MTD, we aimed to discover whether professional voice users of tonal languages presented with the same symptoms of MTD as speakers of nontonal languages and whether they… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2007.09.003


Cite this paper

@article{Nguyen2009MuscleTD, title={Muscle tension dysphonia in Vietnamese female teachers.}, author={Duong D. Nguyen and Dianna T. Kenny and Ninh Duy Tran and Jonathan R Livesey}, journal={Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation}, year={2009}, volume={23 2}, pages={195-208} }