Muscle-strengthening activities are associated with lower risk and mortality in major non-communicable diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

@article{Momma2022MusclestrengtheningAA,
  title={Muscle-strengthening activities are associated with lower risk and mortality in major non-communicable diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies},
  author={Haruki Momma and Ryoko Kawakami and Takanori Honda and Susumu S. Sawada},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2022},
  volume={56},
  pages={755 - 763}
}
Objective To quantify the associations between muscle-strengthening activities and the risk of non-communicable diseases and mortality in adults independent of aerobic activities. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Data sources MEDLINE and Embase were searched from inception to June 2021 and the reference lists of all related articles were reviewed. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Prospective cohort studies that examined the association between… 

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Muscle-strengthening activities and cancer incidence and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Muscle-strengthening activities were associated with reduced incidence of kidney cancer and total cancer mortality, and combined muscle-Strengthening and aerobic activities may provide a greater reduction in totalcancer mortality.

Muscle‐strengthening activities and risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer and mortality: A review of prospective cohort studies

The evidence supports engaging in 1-2 sessions per week of muscle-strengthening activities, preferably performed complementary to the recommended levels of aerobic MVPA, up to 2.5 total per week, although data are limited, caution is suggested for training exceeding 2.

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Investigating the associations between recommended physical activity and mortality in older adults ≥65 years-of-age found that engaging in muscle-strengthening activity ≥2 times/week may provide additional benefits among physically active older adults.

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Adhering to the U.S. federal guideline for MSA is associated with lower cancer mortality and public health programs and policy for cancer prevention and control should promote MSA to further reduce cancer mortality.

Relationship Between Muscle-Strengthening Activity and Cause-Specific Mortality in a Large US Cohort

Engaging in ≥2 hours per week of MSA was associated with lower all-cause mortality, independent of aerobic activity, and this findings support recommending muscle-strengthening activities for overall health.

Recommended physical activity and all cause and cause specific mortality in US adults: prospective cohort study

Adults who engage in leisure time aerobic and muscle strengthening activities at levels recommended by the 2018 physical activity guidelines for Americans show greatly reduced risk of all cause and cause specific mortality.

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Resistance training is associated with lower mortality and appears to have an additive effect when combined with aerobic exercise, according to a meta-analysis.
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