Muscle pathologies after cervical spine distortion-like exposure--a porcine model.


OBJECTIVE Histological evaluation of porcine posterior cervical muscles after a forceful translational and extensional head retraction simulating high-speed rear end impact. METHODS Four anesthetized pigs were exposed to a cervical spine distortion (CSD)-like motion in a lying position. After 2 different survival times of 4 and 6 h (posttrauma), the pigs… (More)
DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2013.773400


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