Muscle inflammatory cells after passive stretches, isometric contractions, and lengthening contractions.

Abstract

We tested the hypotheses that lengthening contractions, isometric contractions, and passive stretches increase muscle inflammatory cells (neutrophils and macrophages) and that prior conditioning with lengthening contractions, isometric contractions, or passive stretches reduces neutrophils and macrophages after subsequent lengthening contractions. Extensor digitorum longus muscles in anesthetized mice were subjected in situ to lengthening contractions, isometric contractions, or passive stretches. Six hours or 3 days after a protocol of contractions or passive stretches, neutrophils and macrophages were quantified in muscle cross sections. Three days after isometric contractions or passive stretches, neutrophils were elevated (P < 0.05) 3.7- and 5.5-fold, respectively, relative to controls. Both macrophages and neutrophils were increased 51.2- and 7.9-fold, respectively, after lengthening contractions. Prior lengthening contractions, isometric contractions, or passive stretches reduced inflammatory cells after lengthening contractions performed 2 wk later. The major finding of this study was that passive stretches and isometric contractions elevated neutrophils without causing overt signs of injury. Because both passive stretches and isometric contractions elevated neutrophils and afforded some protection from contraction-induced muscle injury, neutrophils and/or the related inflammatory events may contribute to the induction of a protective mechanism.

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@article{Pizza2002MuscleIC, title={Muscle inflammatory cells after passive stretches, isometric contractions, and lengthening contractions.}, author={Francis X. Pizza and Timothy J. Koh and Stephen McGregor and Susan V. Brooks}, journal={Journal of applied physiology}, year={2002}, volume={92 5}, pages={1873-8} }