Muscle hardness in patients with chronic tension-type headache: relation to actual headache state.

@article{Ashina1999MuscleHI,
  title={Muscle hardness in patients with chronic tension-type headache: relation to actual headache state.},
  author={Messoud Ashina and Lars Bendtsen and Roy A. Jensen and Fumihiko Sakai and Jes Olesen},
  journal={Pain},
  year={1999},
  volume={79 2-3},
  pages={201-5}
}
It has recently been reported that the pericranial muscles in patients with chronic tension-type headache are harder, i.e. have a higher consistency, than in controls. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether muscle hardness is influenced by the presence or absence of actual headache and whether hardness is correlated to tenderness. The secondary aim was to compare muscle hardness between patients and healthy controls. Hardness of the trapezius muscle was measured with a… CONTINUE READING