Muscle enhancement using intramuscular injections of oil in bodybuilding: review on epidemiology, complications, clinical evaluation and treatment

@article{Schfer2011MuscleEU,
  title={Muscle enhancement using intramuscular injections of oil in bodybuilding: review on epidemiology, complications, clinical evaluation and treatment},
  author={C. N. Sch{\"a}fer and J. Hvolris and T. Karlsmark and M. Plambech},
  journal={European Surgery},
  year={2011},
  volume={44},
  pages={109-115}
}
  • C. N. Schäfer, J. Hvolris, +1 author M. Plambech
  • Published 2011
  • Medicine
  • European Surgery
  • SummaryBACKGROUND: Self-administered intramuscular injection of site enhancement oil (SEO) is a cosmetic and performance-enhancing procedure used to reshape muscles in the bodybuilder subculture, but its consequences and complications are only sporadically described. [...] Key Method Methods: A systematic search in MEDLINE and EMBASE databases during the spring of 2009 and 2010. Internet searches were performed, and bodybuilder pharmacopoeias were consulted to describe SEO use and the clinical complications…Expand Abstract

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