Muscle, ligament, and joint-contact forces at the knee during walking.

  title={Muscle, ligament, and joint-contact forces at the knee during walking.},
  author={Kevin B. Shelburne and Michael R. Torry and Marcus G. Pandy},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  volume={37 11},
PURPOSE In vivo measurement of the forces and strains in human tissues is currently impracticable. Computer modeling and simulation allows estimates of these quantities to be obtained noninvasively. This paper reviews our recent work on muscle, ligament, and joint loading at the knee during gait. METHODS Muscle and ground-reaction forces obtained from a sophisticated computer simulation of walking were input into a detailed model of the lower limb to obtain ligament and joint-contact loading… CONTINUE READING
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