• Corpus ID: 187845099

Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle

  title={Mus{\'e}um National d'Histoire Naturelle},
  author={Claude Schnitter and Anne Masseran and Philippe Chavot},
Alpha satellite DNA is the main family of tandemly repeated sequences lying in primate centromere regions. Alpha satellite monomers (≈ 170 bp) diversi ed during the course of evolution, forming distinct families of alpha satellite sequences that exhibit speci c organizational and distribution patterns. The limited amount of studies concerning non-human primates is a restriction to the understanding of alpha satellite evolutionary dynamics, which calls for the integration of this element into… 
Bioactivities of the Genus Combretum (Combretaceae): A Review
A literature survey of Combretum species that have been evaluated for their ability to exert biological activities, thereby contributing to the development of new therapeutic alternatives that may improve the health of people suffering from various health problems.
Identification and Assignment of Colorimetric Observer Categories and Their Applications in Color and Vision Sciences
An experimental observer classification method was developed, and was implemented by means of a compact prototype, the Observer Calibrator, which proved that a small number of categories can be assigned to color-normal observers based on their color vision.


Characterization of a chromosome-specific chimpanzee alpha satellite subset: evolutionary relationship to subsets on human chromosomes.
By using PCR primers specific for human chromosome 17-specific alpha satellite DNA, this work amplified, cloned, and characterized a chromosome-specific subset from the PTR chimpanzee genome, and reveals that this subset is most closely related, as expected, to sequences on HSA 17.
A clade of New World primates with distinctive alphoid satellite DNAs.
Southern blot and sequence analyses suggest that an alphoid satellite rearrangement(s) occurred early in the history of the tribe Pitheciini (Chiropotes, Pithecia, Cacajao) and that rearrangements are continuing to occur in this group of primates.
Orangutan α-satellite monomers are closely related to the human consensus sequence
The data indicate that there was an ancestral monomeric type displaying high sequence similarity to the overall human consensus from which the different great ape and human subsets and SFs may have originated.
Mutation and Recombination in Cattle Satellite DNA: A Feedback Model for the Evolution of Satellite DNA Repeats
The cattle genome contains several distinct centromeric satellites with interrelated evolutionary histories and compared these satellites in Bovini species that diverged 0.2 to about 5 Myr ago revealed a large variation in the relative amounts of the major satellites.
Alpha-satellite DNA of primates: old and new families
It is proposed that homogenization of AS may be limited to arrays participating in centromeric function, and after the establishment of the new arrays homogenized in the old arrays stopped.
Chromosome-specific α-satellite DNA from the centromere of chimpanzee chromosome 4
It is demonstrated that chimpanzee chromosome 4 α-satellite is most closely related to the suprachromosomal subfamily II, which is evolutionarily different from the subfamily I to which the α-Satellite on the homologous human chromosome 5 belongs.
Evolution of satellite DNAs from the genus Palorus--experimental evidence for the "library" hypothesis.
The results explain satellite DNA evolution, confirming the hypothesis that related species share a "library" of conserved satellite sequences, some of which could be amplified into a major satellite.
Chromosome-specific alpha satellites: two distinct families on human chromosome 18.
Heterochromatin condensation and evolution of unique satellite-DNA families in two parasitic wasp species: Diadromus pulchellus and Eupelmus vuilleti (Hymenoptera).
Palindromes in each consensus sequence suggest the formation in vivo of hairpin structures that may play a role in the mode of heterochromatin condensation in these insects.
A homologous subfamily of satellite III DNA on human chromosomes 14 and 22.
This study provides fundamental knowledge on the structure and evolution of the acrocentric chromosomes, and should extend the understanding of the complex process of interchromosomal interaction which may be responsible for Robertsonian translocation and meiotic nondisjunction involving these chromosomes.