Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV): a threat to green gram (Vigna radiata) production in Asia

  title={Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV): a threat to green gram (Vigna radiata) production in Asia},
  author={Adhimoolam Karthikeyan and V. G. Shobhana and Mani Sudha and Muthurajan Raveendran and Natesan Senthil and Muthaiyan Pandiyan and Pothiraj Nagarajan},
  journal={International Journal of Pest Management},
  pages={314 - 324}
Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease is one of the most vicious diseases of green gram and has been renowned in India for more than five decades. It is caused by a group of geminiviruses belonging to the genus, begomovirus of the family, Geminiviridae. They are transmitted through whitefly in a persistent manner. The economic losses due to this virus account up to 85% in green gram which is spreading faster towards newer areas. The escalating economic importance of MYMV has resulted in… 
Yellow Mosaic Disease (YMD) of Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek): Current Status and Management Opportunities
The role of various begomoviruses, its genomic components, and vector whiteflies, including cryptic species in the YMD expression is summarized, and implications of various management strategies including the use of resistance sources, the primary source of inoculums and vector management, wide-hybridization, mutation breeding, marker-assisted selection, and pathogen-derived resistance (PDR) are thoroughly discussed.
Identification of stable sources of resistance to mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]
The resistance response of the five genotypes could be attributed to enhanced activities of enzymes such as peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase and increased concentration of total phenols and strategies to breed mungbean for resistance to YMD.
Integrated Management of Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus (MYMV) Disease in Jharkhand, India
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Achieving maximum efficiency of Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus infection in mungbean by agroinoculation
An efficient and reproducible agroinoculation method for achieving maximum efficiency using tandem repeat infectious agro-constructs of DNA A and DNA B of MYMIV is reported, which has potential to screen germplasm lines and will be useful in mungbean biological/virological studies and breeding programmes.
Identification of molecular marker associated with mungbean yellow mosaic virus resistance in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]
BSA with a Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker technique was used to analyze the F2:3 individuals of Pusa Ratna (susceptible) × Meha (resistant) to identify the molecular marker linked to MYMV resistance in mungbean.
Breeding for Enhancing Legumovirus Resistance in Mungbean: Current Understanding and Future Directions
The discoveries that have been made regarding various aspects of YMD affecting mungbean are highlighted, including the determination of Y MD-causing viruses and strategies used to develop high-yielding YMD-resistant mung bean varieties that harness the potential of related Vigna species through the use of different omics approaches.
Identification of mungbean lines with tolerance or resistance to yellow mosaic in fields in India where different begomovirus species and different Bemisia tabaci cryptic species predominate
The identification of high level of tolerance in mungbean lines such as ML 1628 and of resistance in black gram and rice bean provides hope for tackling the disease through resistance breeding.
Management of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) Yellow Mosaic Virus Using Newer Group of Insecticidal Treatments
Efficacy of some newer insecticides identified in the present study can be used for the control of MYMV disease in mungbean.
Development of Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus (MYMV) Resistant Genotypes in Greengram through Introgression of Wild Genotypes
Greengram is one of the most important pulse crops consumed by the whole world through which cheapest protein get into the body for their growth and development finally good health. The yield is
Evaluation of urdbean (Vigna mungo) genotypes for mungbean yellow mosaic virus resistance through phenotypic reaction and genotypic analysis
Results showed that MYMV resistance was significantly and positively correlated with the phytic acid and total phenol contents, whereas negative correlation was observed with total sugars in susceptible genotypes.


Inheritance of Resistance to Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus (MYMV) in Inter and Intra Specific Crosses of Mungbean ( Vigna radiata )
All the two crosses F2 and F3 generations results suggested that a single recessive gene is involved in resistance against the MYMV disease.
Legume yellow mosaic viruses: genetically isolated begomoviruses.
Yellow mosaic diseases of a number of legumes across Southern Asia are caused by four species of whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses, one of which has implications for the development of engineered resistance in legumes, which holds the promise of durability but has yet to be transferred to the field.
Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Viruses
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The work communicated here describes, for the first time, the aetiology of golden mosaic of cowpea in northern India and demonstrates adaptation to new hosts of a cloned virus, through agroinoculation.
Infectivity analysis of a blackgram isolate of Mungbean yellow mosaic virus and genetic assortment with MYMIV in selective hosts
Blackgram isolates of both the virus species were only mildly infectious on cowpea, produced atypical leaf curl symptoms and not yellow or golden mosaic and in agroinoculations done by exchanging genomic components, symptom expression was seen only in French bean.
Evaluation of Mungbean Germplasm for Resistance Against Whitefly (Bemisia Tabaci Genn.) and Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus (MYMV) Disease
Among the 12 moderately resistant lines, 4 lines viz, LGG 407, MGG 356, KM 200 and NM 1 which recorded the yield ranging from 831 to 972 kg/ha were found to be the promising lines against MYMV.
Cowpea golden mosaic disease in Gujarat is caused by a Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus isolate with a DNA B variant
The wild-type isolate of a begomovirus causing CGMD in western India was shown to be easily transmissible by whiteflies between cowpea plants but not to blackgram and mugbean, suggesting that the insect vector plays a major role in determining the natural host range of these viruses.
Molecular Marker-Assisted Genotyping of Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus Resistant Germplasms of Mungbean and Urdbean
It is demonstrated that two MYMIV-resistance marker loci could be efficiently employed together in a multiplex-PCR-reaction for genotyping both V. mungo and V. radiata germplasms from field grown plants and also directly from the seed stock.