Munchausen's syndrome: an annotation

  title={Munchausen's syndrome: an annotation},
  author={As Prasad and Anton Oswald},
  journal={Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
Through many centuries, the medical profession has been aware that certain individuals seek gratification in repeated medical consultations (1) and that some of these people will go to tremendous lengths to convince the practitioner of their need for urgent medical intervention. In the middle ages, the most common symptom presented by such people was haemoptysis, induced by placing leeches in their mouth (1). In the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, they more commonly complain of… Expand
Munchausen syndrome.
Two exceptional cases of Munchausen syndrome are reported, and diagnosis and treatment are presented in the light of the current literature. Expand
A single case report of recurrent surgery for chronic back pain and its implications concerning a diagnosis of Münchausen syndrome.
The authors discuss the differential diagnosis of the case, suggesting a diagnosis of Münchausen syndrome, a psychopathological condition characterized by pathological lying, gambling, compulsive restlessness, with a long clinical history of chronic back pain. Expand
Munchausen's syndrome or pure self-mutilation? A case of self-inflicted tendon injury
A 40 years old male patient with self-inflicted wrist cut who imitated the symptoms of tendon and nerve injuries is presented. Expand
Cutaneous Münchausen syndrome with presentation simulating pyoderma gangrenosum.


The Munchausen syndrome or the problem of hospital hoboes.
Three examples of a syndrome originally popularized by Asher and linked by him with the name of Baron Munchausen are described and it is to be emphasized that rapid recognition of the syndrome will produce handsome dividends in time and expense saved. Expand
Munchausen's syndrome with a psychiatric presentation.
An unusual case of Munchausen's Syndrome is presented, in which the patient feigned a psychiatric history, complained of emotional symptoms and sought admission to a psychiatric unit, a variant of the usual somatic presentation that may further the understanding of, and spur further interest in, a perplexing disorder. Expand
Munchausen's syndrome. Review and report of an additional case.
Evidence in support of four possible underlying psychopathological entities—(1) antisocial behavior, (2) character neurosis, (3) brain damage and (4) a primitive, presuperego self-aggression)—is presented, but the essential psychopathology remains to be elucidated. Expand
The syndrome of hospital addiction. (Munchausen syndrome); a report on the investigation of seven cases.
  • J. Barker
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of mental science
  • 1962
Seven examples of a syndrome described originally by Asher and associated with the name of Baron Munchausen are reported, and the observation that three of these patients may have sustained brain damage prior to the commencement of their hospital addiction is of particular interest. Expand
The Munchausen spectrum: borderline character features.
  • T. Nadelson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • General hospital psychiatry
  • 1979
A continuum of disease simulation that ranges from hysteria to malingering, with a range of relative unawareness to awareness of producing such deception is presented, taking a somewhat different approach to Munchausen Syndrome. Expand
Peregrinating problem patients; Munchausen's syndrome.
  • J. Chapman
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American Medical Association
  • 1957
Physicians in the United States may be unaware of the patient who spends his time going from place to place, resulting in wide travels, and presenting himself to hospitals, with a fanciful historyExpand
Munchausen syndrome. Its relationship to malingering, hysteria, and the physician-patient relationship.
Four long-term pathomimes show certain common characteristics in their present patterns of behavior, their psychodynamics, and their past histories and it is important to diagnose these patients early to avoid unnecessary medical intervention and to introduce psychiatric treatment. Expand
Munchausen's syndrome: a successfully treated case.
It is recommended that patients so diagnosed with Munchausen's syndrome be committed to mental hospitals and treated in a structured program combining behavior modification and dynamic therapy, which proved to be an effective tool in the patient the authors describe. Expand
Factitious mourning: painless patienthood.
Of 20 patients who falsely reported the deaths of loved ones in order to assume the patient role, most presented with depression and suicidal ideation secondary to reported multiple dramatic deathsExpand
Factitious illness: a clarification.
A descriptive system involving these three levels: fictitious history, simulated presentation, or verifiable pathophysiology is discussed, which clarifies how factitious disorders differ from other illness-affirming states. Expand