Multisubstance Use as a Feature of Addiction to Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

@article{Skrberg2009MultisubstanceUA,
  title={Multisubstance Use as a Feature of Addiction to Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids},
  author={K. O. Sk{\aa}rberg and Fred Nyberg and Ingemar Engstrom},
  journal={European Addiction Research},
  year={2009},
  volume={15},
  pages={99 - 106}
}
The aim of this study was to explore and describe total drug use among anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) users and the reasons given for the use of these drugs. [] Key Method The study was based on semi-structured interviews and questionnaires involving 32 patients who were attending an addiction centre in Orebro, Sweden, for AAS use. The results indicated that a history of polysubstance use among the patients was frequent. Over half were using drugs of abuse and also taking various other pharmaceuticals…

Tables from this paper

Is There an Association between the Use of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids and Criminality?

TLDR
It is suggested that there is an association between the use of AAS and criminality, especially with regard to crimes of violence and weapon offences, and that this criminality may be enhanced when AAS are combined with other drugs of abuse.

Motives and Correlates of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use With Stimulant Polypharmacy

TLDR
Results of a logistic regression analysis suggest that the propensity for concurrent use of AAS and stimulants is greater when AAS use is motivated by weight loss goals, while performance goals are associated with reduced odds of concurrent stimulant use.

Interdisciplinary and Psychiatric Treatment of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids Users.

The prevalence of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS; anabolic steroids) use in recreational sports is underestimated. Due to the influence of social media, an increase in AAS use in recreational

Anabolic Steroid Abuse and Dependence in Clinical Practice

  • K. Brower
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Physician and sportsmedicine
  • 2009
TLDR
All physicians who treat nonmedical AAS users will benefit from an understanding of these psychological variables, including the potential for AAS to cause dependence, and guidelines are suggested for assessment and treatment.

Addiction to Anabolic-androgenic Steroids: A Review

TLDR
With a realization of the potential for AAS users to have compromised volition in their drug abuse, it demands an opportunity to rethink received wisdom about AAS use and all users, both athlete and non-athlete.

[The frequency of formation of a motivated refusal to take androgenic anabolic steroids by men with recreational activity].

TLDR
The obtained data points out to a developed AAS addiction which requires the involvement of psychiatrists to get rid of it.

Illicit use of androgens and other hormones: recent advances

  • G. KanayamaH. Pope
  • Medicine, Biology
    Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
  • 2012
TLDR
Given mounting evidence of the adverse effects of the androgens and associated polypharmacy, this topic will likely represent an expanding area of research and an issue of growing public health concern.

Treatment of anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: Emerging evidence and its implications.

Polypharmacy among anabolic-androgenic steroid users: a descriptive metasynthesis

TLDR
The findings corroborate previous suggestions of associations between AAS use and the use of other licit and illicit substances and suggest efforts must be intensified to combat the debilitating effects of AAS-associated polypharmacy.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES

Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence

  • K. Brower
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Current psychiatry reports
  • 2002
TLDR
A new model is proposed in which both the "myoactive" and psychoactive effects of Aas contribute to the development of AAS dependence, and when patients with AAS use disorders are compared with patients with other substance use disorders, both similarities and differences become apparent and have implications for treatment.

Psychiatric effects and psychoactive substance use in anabolic-androgenic steroid users.

TLDR
In conclusion, AAS use may lead to psychiatric disorders in certain individuals and concurrent use of psychoactive drugs other than AAS does not appear to be common in intensively training weight lifters and bodybuilders.

Troubled social background of male anabolic-androgenic steroid abusers in treatment

TLDR
This study shows that abusers of AAS often have a troubled social background, and underlines the importance of making a thorough social assessment as a part of the treatment programme.

Psychiatric and Medical Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use in Women

TLDR
Dedicated women athletes exhibit not only AAS abuse, but use of many other ergogenic drugs, sometimes associated with significant morbidity, and frequently display several psychiatric syndromes which have not previously been well described.

Adolescent use of anabolic-androgenic steroids and relations to self-reports of social, personality and health aspects.

TLDR
The characteristics of AAS users extend beyond activities such as strength training and multiple drug use to include social, personality and health aspects.

Psychological treatment of anabolic-androgenic steroid-dependent individuals.

Past anabolic-androgenic steroid use among men admitted for substance abuse treatment: an underrecognized problem?

TLDR
Prior AAS use appears to be common but underrecognized among men entering inpatient substance abuse treatment, especially those with opioid dependence and may serve as a "gateway" to opioid abuse in some cases and may also cause morbidity in its own right.

Anabolic androgenic steroids: a survey of 500 users.

TLDR
AAS users in this sample are taking larger doses than previously recorded, with more than half of the respondents using a weekly AAS dose in excess of 1000 mg, and several trends in the nonmedical use of AAS are revealed.

The prevalence of the use of androgenic anabolic steroids by adolescents in a county of Sweden.

TLDR
The findings indicate the need for preventive work among male adolescents in order to induce adolescents not to start misusing androgenic anabolic steroids, and the prevalence figures are higher among 16 year old compared to 17 year old male adolescents.