Multiscale analysis of free swelling of Norway spruce

@article{Rafsanjani2013MultiscaleAO,
  title={Multiscale analysis of free swelling of Norway spruce},
  author={A. Rafsanjani and Christian Lanvermann and P. Niemz and J. Carmeliet and D. Derome},
  journal={Composites Part A-applied Science and Manufacturing},
  year={2013},
  volume={54},
  pages={70-78}
}
Abstract The swelling of the hierarchical cellular structure of wood can be properly predicted when both the cellular and the growth ring scales are taken into account. In this study, a multiscale computational upscaling finite element model is utilized for the estimation of the free swelling behavior of Norway spruce softwood. The microstructural information, e.g. the geometry of the wood cells, the local density and the microfibril angle across the growth rings is the input of the lower scale… Expand
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