Multiplying the Problems of Intelligence by Eight: A Critique of Gardner's Theory

  title={Multiplying the Problems of Intelligence by Eight: A Critique of Gardner's Theory},
  author={Perry D. Klein},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Education},
Howard Gardner has theorized that the mind comprises seven (or eight) intelligences. Multiple intelligence theory has inspired educational innovations across North America, but has received little critical analysis. I contend that Gardner is on the horns of a dilemma. A "weak" version of multiple intelligence theory would be uninteresting, whereas a "strong" version is not adequately supported by the evidence Gardner presents. Pedagogically, multiple intelligence theory has inspired diverse… Expand
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