Multiple scale composition and spatial distribution patterns of the north-eastern Minnesota presettlement forest

  title={Multiple scale composition and spatial distribution patterns of the north-eastern Minnesota presettlement forest},
  author={Steven Friedman and Peter B. Reich and Lee E. Frelich},
1 Bearing tree data were used to characterize the composition and spatial structure of the southern boreal presettlement forest in north-eastern Minnesota, United States of America. Data collected during the General Land Office Survey (GLO) between 1853 and 1917, represents 35 324 samples (each with 1–4 trees) in a 3.2 million-hectare landscape. Nine tree species contributed at least 1% to the overall composition. Individuals of white pine and red pine were larger than all other species and… CONTINUE READING
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