Multiple roles of eph receptors and ephrins in neural development

@article{Wilkinson2001MultipleRO,
  title={Multiple roles of eph receptors and ephrins in neural development},
  author={David G. Wilkinson},
  journal={Nature Reviews Neuroscience},
  year={2001},
  volume={2},
  pages={155-164}
}
  • D. Wilkinson
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Biology
  • Nature Reviews Neuroscience
The control of cell movement during development is essential for forming and stabilizing the spatial organization of tissues and cell types. During initial steps of tissue patterning, distinct regional domains or cell types arise at appropriate locations, and the movement of cells is constrained in order to maintain spatial relationships during growth. In other situations, the guidance of migrating cells or neuronal growth cones to specific destinations underlies the establishment or… 
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Axon guidance processes in the retinotectal and vomeronasal projection are controlled by Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and ephrins.
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Recent findings derived from investigating the role of the EphA family during development of the retinotectal and vomeronasal projection are summarized, uncovering a role of ephrin-A molecules as axon guidance receptors.
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TLDR
This review discusses recent work that has implicated Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands in mediating repulsive interactions that restrict neural crest cell migration and relates these findings to the roles of these receptors and ligand in growth cone guidance and the segmental restriction of cell movement in the hindbrain.
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TLDR
The ephrins and Eph receptors are implicated as positional labels that may guide the development of neural topographic maps, and may make a major contribution to the accurate spatial patterning of connections and cell position in the nervous system.
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TLDR
Mosaic activation of Eph receptors leads to sorting of cells to boundaries in odd-numbered rhombomeres, whereas mosaic activation of ephrins results in sorting to boundaries of cell intermingling in even- numbered rhombomes.
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TLDR
It is reported here that the ligands of the Eph family tyrosine kinase receptors may regulate both the initial outgrowth and the subsequent pruning of axons, and that the ephrins and their receptors may regulating topographic map formation by stimulating axonal arborization and by pruning mistargeted axons.
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TLDR
The findings demonstrate that EphB4 and B-class ephrins act as regulators of angiogenesis possibly by mediating repulsive guidance cues to migrating endothelial cells.
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TLDR
Subcellular localization of Nuk, as well as the presence of fibronectin type III and immunoglobulin-like adhesive domains on the extracellular region, suggest this receptor tyrosine kinase may function to regulate specific cell-cell interactions during early development of the murine nervous system.
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