Multiple regression analysis of relationship between frontal lobe phosphorus metabolism and clinical symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

Abstract

We investigated the differences among diagnostic types of 36 schizophrenic patients in the brain phosphorus metabolism in the frontal lobe. We performed phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) in the frontal region in patients with schizophrenia of the catatonic (n = 4), disorganized (n = 8), paranoid (n = 10) and undifferentiated (n = 14) types. In the disorganized type, the PME level was significantly decreased compared to those in the other three types, while the phosphodiester (PDE) level tended to be higher, although not significantly, than those in the other types. Using multiple regression analysis, we investigated whether or not the clinical symptoms were correlated with the brain phosphorus metabolism. An increased motor retardation factor score was significantly correlated with decreased PME level, whereas more severe emotional withdrawal and blunted affect were associated with increased PDE level. These results suggest that altered membrane phospholipid metabolism in the frontal region may be associated with negative symptoms and that schizophrenia of the disorganized type is associated with more severe negative symptoms and may present more severe brain abnormalities compared to the other types.

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@article{Shioiri1997MultipleRA, title={Multiple regression analysis of relationship between frontal lobe phosphorus metabolism and clinical symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.}, author={Toshiki Shioiri and Toshiyuki Someya and Jun Murashita and Tomohiro Kato and Hiroshi Hamakawa and K Fujii and Toshiro Inubushi}, journal={Psychiatry research}, year={1997}, volume={76 2-3}, pages={113-22} }