Multiple meanings, number of related meanings, frequency of occurrence, and the lexicon

  title={Multiple meanings, number of related meanings, frequency of occurrence, and the lexicon},
  author={James E. Jastrzembski},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},

How Many Meanings Does a Word Have? Meaning Estimation in Chinese and English

This article explores the psychological basis of lexical ambiguity. We compare three ways of meaning calculation, including meanings listed in dictionaries, meanings provided by human subjects, and

Aphasic performance on a lexical decision task: Multiple meanings and word frequency

Familiarity and relatedness of word meanings: Ratings for 110 homographs

Although prior research has provided descriptive statistics for homographic words, most studies have concentrated only on dominance or frequency of meanings. The present study extended such research

Ambiguity Advantage Revisited: Two Meanings are Better than One When Accessing Chinese Nouns

  • C. LinK. Ahrens
  • Psychology, Linguistics
    Journal of psycholinguistic research
  • 2010
The effect of lexical ambiguity in word recognition is revisits and factors that were not consistently treated in previous research are discussed and a lexical decision experiment with Chinese nouns is reported on, which suggested that both homonymic and metaphorical meanings are psychologically salient semantic levels actively represented in the mental lexicon.

Making Sense of Semantic Ambiguity: Semantic Competition in Lexical Access

There have been several reports in the literature of faster visual lexical decisions to words that are semantically ambiguous. All current models of this ambiguity advantage assume that it is the

Letter Detection in Multiple-Meaning Words: One Lexical Entry or Two?

Abstract The methodology of Reicher (1969) was used to perform three experiments to determine whether the number of word meanings has an effect on letter-detection performance. Performance was

Semantic Ambiguity: Do Multiple Meanings Inhibit or Facilitate Word Recognition?

Three LDT experiments in which the measure used to classify ambiguous and unambiguous words was varied suggest that multiple unrelated meanings facilitate word recognition.

Number of Meanings and Number of Senses: An ERP Study of Sublexical Ambiguities in Reading Chinese Disyllabic Compounds

The results suggest that two types of sublexical ambiguities are represented and processed differently in Chinese word recognition models and also demonstrate that how they interact with each other in the mental lexicon is demonstrated.

The relatedness-of-meaning effect for ambiguous words in lexical-decision tasks: when does relatedness matter?

Effects of the number of meanings and the relatedness of those meanings (ROM) were examined for Japanese Katakana words using a lexical-decision task and pose a further challenge to the position that the speed of semantic coding is modulated by ROM for ambiguous words.

Rethinking the Word Frequency Effect: The Neglected Role of Distributional Information in Lexical Processing

Contextual Distinctiveness (CD), a corpus-derived summary measure of the frequency distribution of the contexts in which a word occurs, is naturally compatible with contextual theories of semantic representation and meaning and is argued for the priority of immediate context in determining the representation and processing of language.



Concreteness as a Variable in Word Recognition.

Two experiments using five lists of words were conducted to explore the effects of the concreteness or abstractness of words on their tachistoscopic recognition. The first experiment, using two lists

Visual recognition thresholds and dimensions of word meaning

Tachistoscopic recognition thresholds were obtained for nouns with high or low values on one dimension of meaning while two others were controlled. Frequency, imagery concreteness (I), and

Evidence for lexical access in a simultaneous matching task

Two findings supported the notion that the matching of word items involves lexical access and it is proposed that three levels of identification and comparison operate simultaneously in the matching task: at a word level, a letter cluster level, and a letter level.

The role of letter recognition in word recognition

Results indicated no effect for letter difficulty, although recognition latency reliably decreased with word frequency and monotonically increased with word length, suggesting that the authors do not read letter by letter, but that whatever plays a role in word recognition is smaller than the word and correlated withword length in letters.

On the Influence of Pretraining on Recognition Thresholds for English Words

Four experiments assessed the influence of a pretraining session on the recognition of English words. While pretraining with artificial words establishes a word-frequency effect, pretraining with the