Multiple images of pacemaker-related endocarditis and superior vena cava syndrome


A 32-year-old male was referred to our institution after developing a persistent fever and symptomatic superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction following implantation of a dual-chamber cardiac pacemaker 4 years earlier due to sick sinus syndrome (Fig. 1a). The physical examination was remarkable for swelling of the face, neck, and right arm and varicosities at… (More)


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