Heparin releasable and nonreleasable forms of heparan sulfate proteoglycan are found on the surfaces of cultured porcine aortic endothelial cells
The murine embryonal carcinoma derived cell line M1536-B3 secretes the basement membrane components laminin and entactin and, when grown in bacteriological dishes, produces and adheres to sacs of basement membrane components. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been isolated from these sacs, the cells, and the medium. At least three different heparan sulfate proteoglycans are produced by these cells as determined by proteoglycan size, glycosaminoglycan chain length, and charge density. The positions of the N- and O-sulfate groups in the glycosaminoglycan chains from each proteoglycan appear to be essentially the same despite differences in the size and culture compartment locations of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Additionally, small quantities of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans are found in each fraction and copurify with each heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Because this cell line appears to synthesize at least three different heparan sulfate proteoglycans which are targeted to different final locations (basement membrane, cell surface, and medium), this will be a useful system in which to study the factors which determine final heparan sulfate proteoglycan structures and culture compartment targeting and the possible effects of the protein core(s) on heparan sulfate carbohydrate chain synthesis and secretion.