Multiple evidences indicate no relationship between prehistoric disasters in Lajia site and outburst flood in upper Yellow River valley, China

  title={Multiple evidences indicate no relationship between prehistoric disasters in Lajia site and outburst flood in upper Yellow River valley, China},
  author={Guanghui Dong and Fanyu Zhang and Fengwen Liu and Dongju Zhang and Aifeng Zhou and Yishi Yang and Gonghui Wang},
  journal={Science China Earth Sciences},
All around the world, ancient legends exist about the Great Flood, and the influence of the Great Flood in human evolutionary history is a hotly debated topic. In China, the legend of the prehistoric Great Flood and Yu the Great’s flood control has a long history and is considered to be closely linked to the establishment of the Xia Dynasty. However, there is a lack of solid scientific evidence. Against this issue, some scholars have proposed that an earthquake around 1920 BCE in the Guanting… 
10 Citations
Uranium isotopic constraints on the nature of the prehistoric flood at the Lajia site, China
The catastrophic landslide-dam outburst flood, possibly caused by the same earthquake that destroyed the well-dated Lajia archaeological site, in the upper reaches of the Yellow River in China, may
Extreme flooding of the lower Yellow River near the Northgrippian-Meghalayan boundary: Evidence from the Shilipu archaeological site in southwestern Shandong Province, China
Abstract Understanding the societal impacts of past climate changes may deepen our insight into human adaptation and resilience against potential climate changes in the future. However, the degree
Spatiotemporal evolution of prehistoric Neolithic-Bronze Age settlements and influencing factors in the Guanting Basin, northeast Tibetan Plateau
For almost two decades, the relationship between prehistoric natural disasters that struck the Guanting Basin in northeast Tibetan Plateau and the destruction of Lajia, an archeological site, has
Environmental and social factors influencing the spatiotemporal variation of archaeological sites during the historical period in the Heihe River basin, northwest China
Abstract In northwestern China, many historical nomadic kingdoms and Chinese dynasties sought to control the Heihe River basin, an important location on the eastern part of the ancient Silk Road.
Catastrophic flashflood and mudflow events in the pre-historical Lajia Ruins at the northeast margin of the Chinese Tibetan Plateau
Abstract Global change induced regional environmental variation and related catastrophic surface processes have greatly affected human life and social development during the last decades. These
Rapid climate change-induced collapse of hunter-gatherer societies in the lower Mississippi River valley between ca. 3300 and 2780 cal yr BP
Hunter-gatherer communities in the American Southeast reached an apogee of social and political complexity in the period between ca. 4200 and 3000 cal yr BP. In the lower Mississippi Valley (LMV) the
Complex Pathways Towards Emergent Pastoral Settlements: New Research on the Bronze Age Xindian Culture of Northwest China
The Xindian culture of northwest China has been seen as a prototypical example of a transition toward pastoralism, resulting in part from environmental changes that started around 4000 years ago. To
Environmental and technological effects on ancient social evolution at different spatial scales
The rise and fall of ancient cultures and civilizations is a hotly debated topic that has generated disagreements and disputes. In this paper we summarize some case studies on the abandonment of


Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty
An earthquake-induced landslide dam outburst flood on the Yellow River about 1920 BCE is reconstructed that ranks as one of the largest freshwater floods of the Holocene and could account for the Great Flood and supports hypotheses that the primary state-level society of the Erlitou culture is an archaeological manifestation of the Xia dynasty.
Ancient landslide-dam events in the Jishi Gorge, upper Yellow River valley, China
Abstract Some scholars have argued that the formation and outburst of an ancient dammed lake in the Jishi Gorge at ca. 3700 cal yr BP resulted in the destruction of Lajia, the site of a famous
OSL dating of the massive landslide-damming event in the Jishixia Gorge, on the upper Yellow River, NE Tibetan Plateau
Frequent natural hazards cause huge damage to human life and society in the mountainous regions along the eastern rim of the Tibetan Plateau. A massive landslide damming event has been reported in
Prehistoric disasters at Lajia Site, Qinghai, China
Lajia Site, located near the upper reaches of the Yellow River and the border of Qinghai Province and Gansu Province, is a large-scale site of the Qijia Culture. In 2000 and 2001, archaeologists
Palaeoenvironmental implications of the prehistorical catastrophes in relation to the Lajia Ruins within the Guanting Basin along the Upper Yellow River, China
Archaeological excavations have exposed a shocking picture of the prehistorical catastrophes in the Lajia Ruins in the upper Yellow River. The grouped skeletons resting on the dwelling floors show a
Spatial and temporal variety of prehistoric human settlement and its influencing factors in the upper Yellow River valley, Qinghai Province, China
Abstract We report an investigation of forty-two prehistoric sites in the upper Yellow River valley located in Guide, Jianzha, Hualong, Xunha and Minhe, Qinghai Province, China, including forty-four
Process of paleofloods in Guanting basin, Qinghai Province, China and possible relation to monsoon strength during the mid-Holocene
Abstract Prehistoric disasters including paleofloods and earthquakes in Guanting basin, Qinghai Province, China, and their impact on Neolithic cultures have attracted academic attention over the last
History and possible mechanisms of prehistoric human migration to the Tibetan Plateau
Prehistoric human history on the Tibetan Plateau is a hotly debated topic. Archaeological research on the plateau during the past few decades has enormously improved our understanding of the topic
A tale of two population crises in recent Chinese history
The present study utilized high-resolution empirical data, qualitative survey, statistical comparison and time-series analysis to investigate how the two factors worked synergistically to drive population cycles in 1600–1899, and confirms that the interrelation between population growth, climate change and population crises in recent Chinese history basically followed the posited pathways.
Late Pleistocene climate drivers of early human migration
Results from a numerical human dispersal model document that orbital-scale global climate swings played a key role in shaping Late Pleistocene global population distributions, whereas millennial-scale abrupt climate changes, associated with Dansgaard–Oeschger events, had a more limited regional effect.