Corpus ID: 2944317

Multiple Sclerosis and Geomagnetic Disturbances: Investigating a Potentially Important Environmental Risk Factor

  title={Multiple Sclerosis and Geomagnetic Disturbances: Investigating a Potentially Important Environmental Risk Factor},
  author={Seyed Aidin Sajedi and Fahimeh Abdollahi},
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological disorder among young adults. In spite of many types of research, the cause of the disease remains unclear, but a significant body of evidence indicates that environmental risk factors play key roles in this disease's etiology. Various hypotheses have been posited up to now on the presumed disease risk factors; however, they have not been successful in explaining all MS features. The aim of this article is to introduce the concept… Expand
4 Citations
Which Environmental Factor Is Correlated with Long-Term Multiple Sclerosis Incidence Trends: Ultraviolet B Radiation or Geomagnetic Disturbances?
A significant positive correlations between alterations in GMD with alterations in long-term MS incidence in three out of six studied locations supports the GMD hypothesis and the observed significant correlation between MS and UV is positive. Expand
Disputes & Debates: Editors’ Choice
Galhardoni et al. evaluated the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and posterior superior insula (PSI) of patients with centralExpand
Disputes & Debates: Editors’ Choice
I read the study by Barbella et al. with great interest. The authors have put forth an easy to calculate EEG prognostic score, which correlates well with clinical outcome after cardiac arrest.Expand


Correlation of multiple sclerosis incidence in the UK 1990-2010 with geomagnetic disturbances
It is shown that there is a significant correlation among alterations in GMD with changes in MS incidence and explained how researchers can use GMD hypothesis to evaluate such relations and clarified why a revision in the method of reporting MS incidence data is needed. Expand
Geomagnetic disturbances may be environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis: an ecological study of 111 locations in 24 countries
An ecological study with using meta-regression analyses confirmed that AMAG60 is the best describer of MSP variations and has the strongest association with MSP distribution and supported that GMD can be the mysterious environmental risk factor for MS. Expand
Correlations of the earth's magnetic field intensity with global prevalence of multiple sclerosis
It is suggested that living in areas of a weak horizontal field increases exposure to ionizing radia- tion and therefore increases the risk for developing MS and a new scale of MS prevalence is proposed which captures the very high prevalence rates in some areas of the world. Expand
I. Role of the pineal gland in multiple sclerosis: a hypothesis.
  • R. Sandyk
  • Medicine
  • Journal of alternative and complementary medicine
  • 1997
The pineal hypothesis of MS provided the impetus for the development of a novel and highly effective therapeutic modality, one that involves the transcranial application of AC pulsed electromagnetic fields in the picotesla flux density. Expand
The possible effects of the solar and geomagnetic activity on multiple sclerosis
The rate of MS patient admittance due to acute relapses was found to be associated with the solar and geomagnetic events and theGeomagnetic and solar activity may represent an environmental health risk factor for multiple sclerosis. Expand
Environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. Part II: Noninfectious factors
The evidence on cigarette smoking, which cannot explain the geographic variations in MS risk, but may contribute to the recently reported increases in the female/male ratio in MS incidence, is reviewed. Expand
Correlation of multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence trends with solar and geomagnetic indices: Time to revise the method of reporting MS epidemiological data
It is the first time that a hypothesis has introduced an environmental factor that may describe MS incidence alterations; however, it should be reminded that correlation does not mean necessarily the existence of a causal relationship. Expand
Environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. Part I: The role of infection
It is shown that whereas EBV stands out as the only infectious agent that can explain many of the key features of MS epidemiology, by itself the link between EBV and MS cannot explain the decline in risk among migrants from high to low MS prevalence areas, which implies that either EBV strains in low‐risk areas have less propensity to cause MS, or that other infectious or noninfectious factors modify the host response to EBV or otherwise contribute to determine MS risk. Expand
Is a hypothetical melanoma-like neuromelanin the underlying factor essential for the aetiopathogenesis and clinical manifestations of multiple sclerosis?
An involvement of MLN could explain the diverse findings in the epidemiology, immunology and pathology of MS, requiring a consideration of a complex infectious background, the human leucocyte antigens, as well as cosmic radiation causing geomagnetic disturbances, vitamin D deficiency, smoking, and lower levels of uric acid. Expand
The Relationship between Geomagnetic Disturbances and Multiple Sclerosis at the Edge of the Auroral Zone
The results of this study indicate that geomagnetic disturbances may be a risk factor in the development of MS, and the cumulative effect of exposure may be of importance. Expand