Multiple Realizability Revisited: Linking Cognitive and Neural States

  title={Multiple Realizability Revisited: Linking Cognitive and Neural States},
  author={William Bechtel and Jennifer Mundale},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={175 - 207}
The contention that psychological states are multiply realizable in different substrates has been used to support the contention that neuroscience is not likely to be very useful in guiding an understanding how cognition works. But in the context of scientific research, how seriously should we really take this threat of multiple realizability? By examining how brain areas are identified in neuroscience (where the approach is comparative and employs functional criteria), we show that the… 

HIT on the Psychometric Approach

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Brodmann's Brain Mapping and Multiple Realization

Some forty years ago, Hilary Putnam offered the speculative empirical hypothesis that psychological states are multiply realized in brain states. With the subsequent explosive growth in

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Multiple realizability says that the same kind of mental states may be manifested by systems with very different physical constitutions. Putnam (1967) supposed it to be “overwhelmingly probable” that

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What’s on Your Mind? A Brain Scan Won’t Tell

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Recent advancements in the brain sciences have enabled researchers to determine, with increasing accuracy, patterns and locations of neural activation associated with various psychological functions.

Bridge Laws and the Psycho-Neural Interface ∗ †

Recent advancements in the brain sciences have enabled researchers to determine, with increasing accuracy, patterns and locations of neural activation associated with various psychological functions.

The Functional Unity of Special Science Kinds

  • D. Weiskopf
  • Biology
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 2011
It is shown that diverse physical mechanisms can converge on common functional properties at multiple levels, compatible with the existence of general constraints on the evolution of cognitive systems, and does not involve any ad hoc typing of coarse-grained higher level properties.

The (Multiple) Realization of Psychological and other Properties in the Sciences

:  There has recently been controversy over the existence of ‘multiple realization’ in addition to some confusion between different conceptions of its nature. To resolve these problems, we focus on



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Why are What and Where Processed by Separate Cortical Visual Systems? A Computational Investigation

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