Multiple Lineages of Avian Malaria Parasites (Plasmodium) in the Galapagos Islands and Evidence for Arrival via Migratory Birds

@article{Levin2013MultipleLO,
  title={Multiple Lineages of Avian Malaria Parasites (Plasmodium) in the Galapagos Islands and Evidence for Arrival via Migratory Birds},
  author={Iris I. Levin and Paul Berton Zwiers and Sharon L. Deem and Emily A. Geest and Jenni M. Higashiguchi and Tatjana A. Iezhova and Gustavo Jim{\'e}nez-Uzc{\'a}tegui and D. H. Kim and James P. Morton and Noah G Perlut and Rosalind B. Renfrew and Eloisa Helena Reis Sari and Gediminas Valkiūnas and Patricia G. Parker},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  year={2013},
  volume={27}
}
Haemosporidian parasites in the genus Plasmodium were recently detected through molecular screening in the Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus). We summarized results of an archipelago‐wide screen of 3726 endemic birds representing 22 species for Plasmodium spp. through a combination of molecular and microscopy techniques. Three additional Plasmodium lineages were present in Galapagos. Lineage A–infected penguins, Yellow Warblers (Setophaga petechia aureola), and one Medium Ground Finch… 
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Penguins are competent hosts of Haemoproteus parasites: the first detection of gametocytes, with molecular characterization of Haemoproteus larae
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Seroprevalence of Malarial Antibodies in Galapagos Penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus)
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