Multiple B-vitamin depletion in large areas of the coastal ocean.

  title={Multiple B-vitamin depletion in large areas of the coastal ocean.},
  author={Sergio A. Sa{\~n}udo-Wilhelmy and Lynda S. Cutter and Reginaldo Durazo and Emily A Smail and Laura G{\'o}mez-Consarnau and Eric A Webb and Maria G. Prokopenko and William M. Berelson and David M. Karl},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={109 35},
B vitamins are some of the most commonly required biochemical cofactors in living systems. Therefore, cellular metabolism of marine vitamin-requiring (auxotrophic) phytoplankton and bacteria would likely be significantly compromised if B vitamins (thiamin B(1), riboflavin B(2), pyridoxine B(6), biotin B(7), and cobalamin B(12)) were unavailable. However, the factors controlling the synthesis, ambient concentrations, and uptake of these key organic compounds in the marine environment are still… CONTINUE READING
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