Multiple Arousal Theory and Daily-Life Electrodermal Activity Asymmetry

  title={Multiple Arousal Theory and Daily-Life Electrodermal Activity Asymmetry},
  author={Rosalind W. Picard and Szymon Fedor and Yadid Ayzenberg},
  journal={Emotion Review},
  pages={62 - 75}
Using “big data” from sensors worn continuously outside the lab, researchers have observed patterns of objective physiology that challenge some of the long-standing theoretical concepts of emotion and its measurement. One challenge is that emotional arousal, when measured as sympathetic nervous system activation through electrodermal activity, can sometimes differ significantly across the two halves of the upper body. We show that traditional measures on only one side may lead to misjudgment of… Expand

Figures from this paper

Comment: Emotional and Autonomic Arousal Constructs in Psychophysiological Research: Where Do We Go From Here?
Picard, Fedor, and Ayzenberg (2016) provide a review of the existing literature on the relationship between electrodermal activity (EDA) and affective processes and present data from a number ofExpand
Comment: What Does Left–Right Autonomic Asymmetry Signify?
The situation-dependent lateralization of sympathetic electrodermal arousal during real-life stress (Picard, Fedor, & Ayzenberg, 2016) may challenge a unitary notion of arousal, and call intoExpand
Response to Commentaries on “Multiple Arousal Theory and Daily-Life Electrodermal Activity Asymmetry”
We respond to the commentaries of Critchley and Nagai, Mendes, Norman, Sabatinelli, and Richter. We agree that a theory needs to make predictions and we elaborate on the predictions we made so far.Expand
The Electrodermal System
Electrodermal activity (EDA), formerly called the Galvanic Skin Response (GSR), has been one of the most widely used response systems in the history of psychophysiology. Research involving EDA hasExpand
Does the Electrodermal System “Take Sides” When It Comes to Emotions?
Results of the present study suggest that the electrodermal system displays lateral preferences, reacting with varying degree of intensity to different emotions, and fit well with Multiple Arousal Theory, and prompt for revaluating the notion of uniform Electrodermal arousal. Expand
The use of electrodermal activity (EDA) measurement to understand consumer emotions – A literature review and a call for action
Abstract Electrodermal activity (EDA) is a psychophysiological indicator of emotional arousal. EDA measurement was first employed in consumer research in 1979 but has been scarcely used since. In theExpand
Comment: The Methodological and Conceptual Utility of Differentiating Emotional Arousal
The concept of psychophysiological arousal as a component of emotional behavior has a long history, but has not attracted the research attention paid to valence in the burgeoning field of affectiveExpand
Abnormal Sympathetic Lateralization in Depression: Asymmetry of the Biological Clock?
The electrodermal activity in both wrists was measured in five healthy and five major depression subjects to have an appreciation of the sympathetic activity in right-handed humans and open the question of whether each half of the body’s sympathetic activity depends on the ipsilateral SCN in humans. Expand
Electrodermal activity and sympathetic arousal during collaborative learning
This dissertation investigates high school students’ individual and interpersonal physiology of electrodermal activity (EDA) during collaborative learning in naturalistic settings. EDA is an index ofExpand
Arousal Detection in Elderly People from Electrodermal Activity Using Musical Stimuli
The identification of the level of arousal in older people by monitoring their electrodermal activity (EDA) through a commercial device is presented to create future therapies that help them to improve their mood, contributing to reduce possible situations of depression and anxiety. Expand


Electrodermal responses: what happens in the brain.
  • H. Critchley
  • Medicine
  • The Neuroscientist : a review journal bringing neurobiology, neurology and psychiatry
  • 2002
Electrodermal activity (EDA) is now the preferred term for changes in electrical conductance of the skin, including phasic changes that have been referred to as galvanic skin responses (GSR), thatExpand
Toward a taxonomy of autonomic sleep patterns with electrodermal activity
  • A. Sano, Rosalind W. Picard
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • 2011 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
  • 2011
This paper presents a first version of a taxonomy of automatic sleep patterns found with the Affectiva Q™ Sensor, a wireless, logging biosensor that measures skin conductance, skin temperature, andExpand
Psychophysiological correlates of electrodermal lability.
The data are consistent with the view that labiles are better able than stabiles to allocate attentional capacity to environmental events and to respond to changing demands in an attentional situation. Expand
Electrodermal activity
Electrodermal activity (EDA) was first observed in the 19th century although the term EDA was introduced as a common term for electrical phenomenon of the skin approximately 50 years ago (1). SinceExpand
Emotion induction after direct intracerebral stimulations of human amygdala.
Findings provide direct in vivo evidence that the human amygdala is involved in emotional experiences and strengthen the hypothesis of a functional asymmetry of the amygdala for valence and arousal processing. Expand
Hemispheric asymmetry and bilateral electrodermal recordings: a review of the evidence.
  • K. Hugdahl
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1984
The conclusion is that bilateral electrodermal recordings have not been unambiguously related to hemispheric asymmetry, but when asymmetry between the hands is clearly demonstrated, this reflects an asymmetry in the functioning of the cerebral hemispheres. Expand
A Wearable Sensor for Unobtrusive, Long-Term Assessment of Electrodermal Activity
Evidence is presented that the distal forearm is a viable alternative to the traditional palmar sites for EDA measurements, and the choice of electrode material by comparing conductive fabric with Ag/AgCl electrodes is evaluated. Expand
Methodological problems in bilateral electrodermal research.
The aim of this paper is to review the methodological considerations, which have been grouped into 3 categories: stimulus specificity; the selection of subjects; and the measurement and interpretation of EDA. Expand
Current Emotion Research in Psychophysiology: The Neurobiology of Evaluative Bivalence
Evaluative processes have their roots in early evolutionary history, as survival is dependent on an organism’s ability to identify and respond appropriately to positive, rewarding or otherwiseExpand
Emotional sweating across the body: Comparing 16 different skin conductance measurement locations
Foot and shoulders are the best alternatives to the finger for ambulatory measurement of skin conductance to reflect emotional arousal, and can help new applications using skin Conductance, like automated emotion measurements, to come to fruition. Expand