Multiparous species present problems (and possibilities) to developmentalists.

  title={Multiparous species present problems (and possibilities) to developmentalists.},
  author={Eric Zorrilla},
  journal={Developmental psychobiology},
  volume={30 2},
Multiparous species present a special set of problems and opportunities for study design and analysis. The present review reintroduces old concerns and raises new ones with empirical illustrations. Evidence is presented that litter effects are pervasive and persist into adulthood. Unaccounted for, they lead to spurious findings, inflate real effect sizes and produce false negatives. Furthermore, two-stage sampling, the practice of sampling only a subset of littermates from dams, can lower… CONTINUE READING

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