Multiparameter Respiratory Rate Estimation From the Photoplethysmogram

@article{Karlen2013MultiparameterRR,
  title={Multiparameter Respiratory Rate Estimation From the Photoplethysmogram},
  author={Walter Karlen and Srinivas Raman and John Mark Ansermino and Guy Albert Dumont},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering},
  year={2013},
  volume={60},
  pages={1946-1953}
}
We present a novel method for estimating respiratory rate in real time from the photoplethysmogram (PPG) obtained from pulse oximetry. Three respiratory-induced variations (frequency, intensity, and amplitude) are extracted from the PPG using the Incremental-Merge Segmentation algorithm. Frequency content of each respiratory-induced variation is analyzed using fast Fourier transforms. The proposed Smart Fusion method then combines the results of the three respiratory-induced variations using a… 

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