Multimodal signaling in the Small Torrent Frog (Micrixalus saxicola) in a complex acoustic environment

  title={Multimodal signaling in the Small Torrent Frog (Micrixalus saxicola) in a complex acoustic environment},
  author={Doris Preininger and Markus Boeckle and Anita Freudmann and Iris Starnberger and Marc Sztatecsny and Walter H{\"o}dl},
  booktitle={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
Many animals use multimodal (both visual and acoustic) components in courtship signals. The acoustic communication of anuran amphibians can be masked by the presence of environmental background noise, and multimodal displays may enhance receiver detection in complex acoustic environments. In the present study, we measured sound pressure levels of concurrently calling males of the Small Torrent Frog (Micrixalus saxicola) and used acoustic playbacks and an inflatable balloon mimicking a vocal sac… CONTINUE READING
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