Multimodal-first or pantomime-first?: Communicating events through pantomime with and without vocalization

  title={Multimodal-first or pantomime-first?: Communicating events through pantomime with and without vocalization},
  author={J. Zlatev and Sławomir Wacewicz and Przemysław Żywiczyński and J. Weijer},
  journal={Interaction Studies},
A persistent controversy in language evolution research has been whether language emerged in the gestural-visual or in the vocal-auditory modality. A "dialectic" solution to this age-old debate has now been gaining ground: language was fully multimodal from the start, and remains so to this day. In this paper, we show this solution to be too simplistic and outline a more specific theoretical proposal, which we designate as pantomime-first. To decide between the multimodal-first and pantomime… Expand

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