Multilayered analysis of co-development of business information systems

@article{Aram2015MultilayeredAO,
  title={Multilayered analysis of co-development of business information systems},
  author={Michael Aram and Gustaf Neumann},
  journal={Journal of Internet Services and Applications},
  year={2015},
  volume={6},
  pages={1-30}
}
Business information systems (BIS) comprise technological (e.g. programs), informational (e.g. content) and social artifacts (e.g. collaboration structures). Typically, such systems are constantly and collectively developed (co-developed) further by a variety of individuals within the organization. By recognizing these varying types of actors (concerning their goals, technical expertise and language means) and their predominantly developed artifact type, one can distinguish two types of… 
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