Multicystic kidney dysplasia and Turner syndrome: two cases and a literature review

@article{Fanos2000MulticysticKD,
  title={Multicystic kidney dysplasia and Turner syndrome: two cases and a literature review},
  author={Vassilios Fanos and Stella Schena and A Dal Moro and Antonella Portuese and Franco Antoniazzi},
  journal={Pediatric Nephrology},
  year={2000},
  volume={14},
  pages={754-757}
}
Abstract Renal malformations occur in 33%–70% of cases of Turner syndrome (chromosome 45 and variants). We describe two cases of multicystic dysplastic kidney in Turner syndrome. A literature review of renal abnormalities in Turner syndrome shows the frequency of cystic disease to be 1.76%. In multicystic dysplastic kidney, diagnostic investigation of the contralateral kidney, including voiding cystourethrography, is necessary in view of the high incidence of associated diseases (15%–20% of… 
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[Nephrourologic pathology in girls with Turner syndrome].
TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
An 11-year-old girl with membranous nephropathy with Turner's syndrome went into complete remission after 6 months of treatment with predonisolone, dipyridamole, and angiotensin-II receptor blocker, and rhGH treatment was continued during the treatment of membranus nephrostathy without problems.
Collectrin gene screening in Turner syndrome patients with kidney malformation
TLDR
The phenotype of Turner syndrome patients is variable, and the wide spectrum of clinical features includes: short stature, ovarian dysgenesis, lymphedema, cardiovascular defects and renal malformation, suggesting that haploinsufficiency for X-chromosome gene(s) impairs beta-cell function predisposing to diabetes mellitus in TS.
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In 23 cases of Turner's syndrome, a systematic urography revealed 14 cases of urinary tract abnormalities, and it is imperative that a complete uro-radiologic investigation be done in all patients with this condition.
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Similarities among the positional and structural abnormalities of the kidneys suggested a continuum of morphologic changes, with a possible re lationship of such changes to impaired positional information pro gramming by the developing abnormal gonad during embryogenesis.
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