Multicenter study of noninvasive radiofrequency for periorbital tissue tightening

@article{Fitzpatrick2003MulticenterSO,
  title={Multicenter study of noninvasive radiofrequency for periorbital tissue tightening},
  author={Richard E. Fitzpatrick and Roy G. Geronemus and David Goldberg and Michael Kaminer and Suzanne Linsmeier Kilmer and Javier Guerra Ru{\'i}z-Esparza},
  journal={Lasers in Surgery and Medicine},
  year={2003},
  volume={33}
}
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This 6-month study evaluated the efficacy and safety of treatment with a nonablative radiofrequency (RF) device. [] Key MethodSTUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty-six subjects received a single treatment with the ThermaCool TC System (Thermage, Inc., Hayward, CA) and were evaluated for 6 months after treatment.
Efficacy of noninvasive multisource radiofrequency treatment on periorbital rhytids using an imaging device
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To evaluate the efficacy of the multisource radiofrequency in periorbital wrinkles treatment using a VISIA imager, a large number of patients with deep wrinkles are referred to the clinic for treatment.
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Summary: The use of radiofrequency for soft tissue tightening has increased over the past 10 years. Both minimally invasive and noninvasive devices are frequently in use. This article describes the
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Background  A wide variety of treatments for circumference reduction and cellulite are available, but most procedures offer suboptimal clinical effect and/or delayed therapeutic outcome.
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The efficacy and clinical effect of RF were assessed in Asian skin, with additional study on the duration of the effect and any complications.
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The purpose of the research was to evaluate skin elasticity and reduction in the aging eye area after using a nonablative radiofrequency treatment.
Adverse reactions after nonablative radiofrequency: follow‐up of 290 patients
TLDR
A retrospective review was done of monopolar radiofrequency treatment of periorbital rhytides and wrinkles in 2002 and for full‐face treatment in 2004 to establish the degree of side effects in practice.
Safety study of transcutaneous focused ultrasound for non‐invasive skin tightening in Asians
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The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety profile of a transcutaneous focused ultrasound device for the treatment of facial skin laxity in Asians.
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