Multiband variability studies and novel broadband SED modeling of Mrk 501 in 2009

@article{Ahnen2016MultibandVS,
  title={Multiband variability studies and novel broadband SED modeling of Mrk 501 in 2009},
  author={M. L. Ahnen and Stefano Ansoldi and Lucio Angelo Antonelli and P. Antoranz and A. Babi{\'c} and B Banerjee and Priyadarshini Bangale and Ulisses Barres DE Almeida and J. A. Barrio and J. Becerra Gonz'alez and W. Bednarek and Elisa Bernardini and Alessio Berti and Barbara Biasuzzi and Adrian Biland and O. Blanch and S. Bonnefoy and G. Bonnoli and F. Borracci and Thomas Bretz and Sara Buson and Alessandro Carosi and Arka Chatterjee and Rosa Clavero and Pierre Colin and E. Colombo and Jose Luis Contreras and J. Cortina and Stefano Covino and Paolo Da Vela and Francesco Dazzi and Alessandro De Angelis and Barbara De Lotto and Emma de O{\~n}a Wilhelmi and Federico Di Pierro and Marlene Doert and Alberto Dom'inguez and D. Dominis Prester and Daniela Dorner and Michele Doro and Sabrina Einecke and D. Glawion and D. Elsaesser and M. Engelkemeier and Vandad Fallah Ramazani and A. Fern'andez-Barral and David Carreto Fidalgo and M. V. Fonseca and Ll. Font and Katharina Frantzen and Christian Fruck and Daniel Galindo and R. J. Garc'ia L'opez and M. Garczarczyk and D. Garrido Terrats and Markus Gaug and Paola Giammaria and Nikola Godinovi'c and Adiv Gonz{\'a}lez Mu{\~n}oz and Dariusz G{\'o}ra and Daniel Guberman and D. Hadasch and A. Hahn and Yoshitaka Hanabata and Masaaki Hayashida and J. Herrera and Juergen Hose and D. Hrupec and Gareth Hughes and W. Idec and Kazuhito Kodani and Yusuke Konno and H. Kubo and J. Kushida and Antonio La Barbera and D. Lelas and Eila Lindfors and S. Lombardi and Francesco Longo and M. A. L'opez and Rub'en L'opez-Coto and P. Majumdar and M. Makariev and K. Mallot and Galina Maneva and Marina Manganaro and Karl Mannheim and Laura Maraschi and Benito Marcote and Mose Mariotti and M. C. Mart'inez and D. Mazin and Uta Menzel and J. M. Miranda and R. Mirzoyan and A. Moralejo and E. Moretti and Daisuke Nakajima and V. V. Neustroev and Andrzej Niedźwiecki and Mireia Nievas Rosillo and K. Nilsson and K. Nishijima and K. Noda and L. Nogu'es and A.-K. Overkemping and Simona Paiano and Joaquim Palacio and M. Palatiello and D. Paneque and Riccardo Paoletti and Josep Maria Paredes and Xavier Paredes-Fortuny and Giovanna Pedaletti and Michele Peresano and Luca Perri and Massimo Persic and Juri Poutanen and P. G. Prada Moroni and E. Prandini and I. Puljak and Ignasi Reichardt and Wolfgang Rhode and Marc Rib'o and J. Rico and J. Rodriguez Garcia and T. Saito and Konstancja Satalecka and S. Schroder and Cornelia Schultz and Thomas Schweizer and Steven N. Shore and Aimo K. Sillanpaa and J. Sitarek and Iva {\vS}nidari{\'c} and D. Sobczynska and A. Stamerra and T. Steinbring and Marcel Strzys and T. Suri'c and Leo O. Takalo and Fabrizio Tavecchio and P. Temnikov and Tomislav Terzi'c and Diego Tescaro and Masahiro Teshima and Julia Thaele and Diego F. Torres and Takeshi Toyama and Aldo Treves and G. Vanzo and V. Verguilov and I. Vovk and John E. Ward and Martin Will and M. H. Wu and Roberta Zanin and Anushka Udara Abeysekara and Simon Archambault and Avery Archer and W. Benbow and R. Bird and Matthew Buchovecky and James Henry Buckley and Viatcheslav Bugaev and Michael P. Connolly and Wei Cui and Hugh Dickinson and Abraham D. Falcone and Qi Feng and J. P. Finley and H. Fleischhack and A. Flinders and Lucy Fortson and G. H. Gillanders and Sean Griffin and Jeff Grube and Moritz Hutten and David Hanna and Jamie Holder and Thomas Brian Humensky and Philip Kaaret and Payel Kar and Nathan C. Kelley-Hoskins and M. P. Kertzman and D. Kieda and M. Krause and Frank Krennrich and M. J. Lang and Gernot Maier and Andrew McCann and Patrick J. Moriarty and Reshmi Mukherjee and D. Nieto and S. O’Brien and R. A. Ong and N. Otte and N. Park and J. S. Perkins and Ana Pichel and Martin Pohl and Alexis Popkow and E. Pueschel and J. Quinn and K. Ragan and Philip T. Reynolds and Gordon T. Richards and Emmet Roache and Adri{\'a}n C. Rovero and Cameron B Rulten and Iftach H. Sadeh and M. Santander and Glenn H. Sembroski and K. Shahinyan and Igor Telezhinsky and J. V. Tucci and Joshua Tyler and Scott Patrick Wakely and A. Weinstein and P. Wilcox and Alina Wilhelm and D. A. Williams and Benjamin Zitzer and Stefano Villata and C. M. Raiteri and Hugh D. Aller and M. F. Aller and V M Larionov and A Arkharov and Dmitry Blinov and Natalia V. Efimova and Tatiana S. Grishina and Vladimir A. Hagen-Thorn and Evgenia N. Kopatskaya and Liudmilla V. Larionova and Elena G. Larionova and Daria A. Morozova and Ivan S. Troitsky and Rolando Ligustri and Paolo Calcidese and Andrei V. Berdyugin and O. M. Kurtanidze and M. G. Nikolashvili and Givi N. Kimeridze and Lorand A. Sigua and S. O. Kurtanidze and Revaz Chigladze and W. P. Chen and Ekaterina Koptelova and Takanori Sakamoto and Alberto Carlo Sadun and J. Ward Moody and Cameron J. Pace and Richard L. Pearson and Yoichi Yatsu and Y. A. Mori and A. Carraminyana and Luis Carrasco and E. De la Fuente and Jay Norris and P Selby Smith and Ann Elizabeth Wehrle and Mark A. Gurwell and Alma C. Zook and Claudio Pagani and Matteo Perri and M. Capalbi and Andrea Cesarini and H A Krimm and Yuri Y. Kovalev and Yu. A. Kovalev and Eduardo Ros and A. B. Pushkarev and Matthew L. Lister and Kirill V. Sokolovsky and Matthias Kadler and Glenn Piner and Anne Lahteenmaki and Merja Tornikoski and Emmanouil Angelakis and Thomas P. Krichbaum and Ioannis Nestoras and Lars Fuhrmann and J. Anton Zensus and Pietro Cassaro and Andrea Orlati and Giuseppe Maccaferri and P Leto and Marcello Giroletti and Joseph L. Richards and W. Max-Moerbeck and Applied Biosciences Eth Zurich and Switzerland. and Universita' di Udine and Infn Trieste and Udine and Italy. and Inaf - National Institute for Astrophysics and Rom{\'e} and Universit'a di Siena and Infn sez. di Pisa and Siena and Croatian Magic Consortium and Rudjer Boskovic Institute and University of Rijeka and University of Split and University of Zagreb and Croatia. and Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics and Kolkata and India. and Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik and Munchen and H Germany and Universidad Complutense and Madrid and Spain. and Instituto de Astrof'isica de Canarias and Universidad de la Laguna and Dpto. Astrof'isica and Tenerife and University of L'od'z and Lodz and Poland and Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron and Zeuthen and Institut de F'isica d'Altes Energies and The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology and Barcelona and Universitat Wurzburg and Wurzburg and Universit̀a di Padova and Infn and Padova and Institute for Space Sciences and Technische Universitat Dortmund and Dortmund and Finnish Magic Consortium and Tuorla Astronomical Observatory and University of Turku and Astronomy Division and University of Oulu and Finland. and Unitat de F'isica de les Radiacions and Departament de F'isica and CERES-IEEC and Universitat Aut'onoma de Barcelona and Universitat Aut'onoma de Barcelona and Icc and IEEC-UB and Japanese Magic Consortium and Icrr and The University of Tokyo and Department of Engineering Physics and Hakubi Center and Kyoto University and Tokai University and The University of Tokushima and Kek and Japan. and Inst. for Nucl. Research and Nucl. Energy and Sof{\'i}a and Bulgaria. and Universita' di Pisa and Pisa and Icrea and Now at Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas F'isicas and R{\'i}o de Janeiro and Brazil. and Nasa Goddard Space Flight Center and Greenbelt and Usa and Humboldt University of Berlin and Institut fur theoretische Physik and Berlin Germany and also at University of Trieste and now at Ecole polytechnique f'ed'erale de Lausanne and Lausanne and now at Max-Planck-Institut fur Kernphysik and Heidelberg and also at Japanese Magic Consortium and now at Finnish Centre for Astronomy with Eso and Turku and also at INAF-Trieste and Dept. of Physics Astronomy and University of Bologna and also at Isdc - Science Data Center for Astrophysics and Geneva and A.Misaki Department of Physics and Department of Physics Astronomy and University of Maryland and College Park and Astronomy and University of Utah and Salt lake City and Physics Department and M. L. Sukhadia University and Montreal. and Canada. and Washington State University and St. Louis and Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory and Harvard--Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Amado and School of Cosmic Physics and University College Dublin and Belfield and Ireland. and University of Southern California and Los P Angeles and National University of Ireland Galway and Galway and Purdue University and West Lafayette and Center for Computational Astrophysics and Tsinghua University and Beijing and China. and Iowa State University and Ames and Astrophysics and 525 Davey Lab and Pennsylvania State University and University Park and University of Minnesota and Minneapolis and Astronomy Department and Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum and Chicago. and the Bartol Research Institute and University of Delaware and Newark and Columbia University and New York and University of Iowa and Van Allen Hall and Iowa City and DePauw University and Greencastle and Barnard College and Enrico Fermi Institute and University of Chicago and Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio and Ciudad de Buenos Aires and Argentina. and Institute of Metal Physics and University of Potsdam and Potsdam-Golm and Department of Astrophysical Sciences and Cork Institute of Technology and Bishopstown and Cork and Center for Computational Astrophysics and Georgia Institute of Technology and Atlanta and Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Santa Cruz and Argonne National Laboratory and Argonne and University of Johannesburg and South Africa and INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino and Torino and University of Michigan and Ann Arbor and Astronomical Institute and St. Petersburg State University and St. Petersburg and Russia. and Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory and St.-Petersburg and Institute for Particle Physics and University of Crete and Heraklion and Greece. and Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas and Iesl and Circolo Astrofili Talmassons and Campoformido and Osservatorio Astrofisico della Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta and Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory and Abastumani and Georgia and Engelhardt Astronomical Observatory and Kazan Federal University and Tatarstan and Guangzhou University and Guangzhou and China. and Graduate Institute of Astronomy and National Central University and Zhong-li and Taiwan and Mathematics and College of Materials Science and 952 Engineering and Aoyama Gakuin University and Sagamihara Kanagawa and University of Colorado Denver and Denver and Colorado. and Brigham Young University and Provo and Utah. and Tokyo Institute of Technology and Meguro City and Instituto Nacional de Astrof'isica and 'optica y Electr'onica and Tonantzintla and Puebla and Mexico. and Instututo de Astronomia y Meteorologia and Dpto. de Fisica and Cucei and Universidad de Guadalajara and University of Colorado Denver and Steward Observatory and University of Arizona and Tucson and Space Telescope Science Institute and Boulder and Cambridge and Pomona College and Claremont and University of Leicester and Leicester and UK. and Asi Science Data Center and Via del Politecnico and Roma and I-00133 Roma and Monteporzio and University of Trento and Trento and Center for Space Research and Exploration in Space Science and Universities Space Research Association and Columbia and Astro Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute and Moscow and Max--Planck--Institut fur Radioastronomie and Bonn and Observatori Astron{\`o}mic and Universitat Politecnica de Valencia and Valencia and Departament d'Astronomia i Astrof'isica and Crimean Astrophysical Observatory and Crimea and Ukraine and Sternberg Astronomical Institute and Mcgill University and Institute of Radio Astronomy and Space Applications and Remote Sensing and National Observatory of Athens and Whittier College and Whittier and Aalto University Metsahovi Radio Observatory and Inaf Istituto di Radioastronomia and Sezione di Noto and Noto and Stazione Radioastronomica di Medicina and M. Guainazzi Iasfinaf Bologna and Inaf - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania and Catania and Cahill Center for Astronomy and California Institute of Technology. and Pasadena},
  journal={Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  year={2016},
  volume={603},
  pages={1-30}
}
We present an extensive study of the BL Lac object Mrk 501 based on a data set collected during the multi-instrument campaign spanning from 2009 March 15 to 2009 August 1, which includes, among other instruments, MAGIC, VERITAS, Whipple 10 m, and Fermi-LAT to cover the γ-ray range from 0.1 GeV to 20 TeV; RXTE and Swift to cover wavelengths from UV tohard X-rays; and GASP-WEBT, which provides coverage of radio and optical wavelengths. Optical polarization measurements were provided for a… 
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Markarian 501 is a bright very-high-energy (VHE, E>100 GeV) BL Lac object. Thanks to its brightness and its proximity (z=0.034), it can be detected in the VHE even during low states, making it an
The VHE SED modelling of Markarian 501 in 2009
The high energy blazar, Markarian 501 was observed as a part of multi-instrument and multiwavelength campaign spanning the whole electromagnetic spectrum for 4.5 months during March 15 to August 1,
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Relativistic amplification boosts the contribution of the jet base to the total emission in blazars, thus making single dish observations useful and practical to characterise their physical state,
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Active Galactic Nuclei emit radiation over the whole electromagnetic spectrum up to TeV energies. Blazars are one subtype with their jets pointing towards the observer. One of their typical features
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Context. The extragalactic very-high-energy gamma-ray sky is rich in blazars. These are jetted active galactic nuclei that are viewed at a small angle to the line-of-sight. Only a handful of objects
The NuSTAR view on hard-TeV BL Lacs
Hard-TeV BL Lacs are a new type of blazars characterized by a hard intrinsic TeV spectrum, locating the peak of their gamma-ray emission in the spectral energy distribution (SED) above 2-10 TeV. Such
Detection of persistent VHE gamma-ray emission from PKS 1510–089 by the MAGIC telescopes during low states between 2012 and 2017
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References

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Multiwavelength observations of Mrk 501 in 2008
Context: Blazars are variable sources on various timescales over a broad energy range spanning from radio to very high energy (> 100 GeV, hereafter VHE). Mrk 501 is one of the brightest blazars at
First NuSTAR Observations of Mrk 501 within a Radio to TeV Multi-Instrument Campaign
We report on simultaneous broadband observations of the TeV-emitting blazar Markarian 501 between 1 April and 10 August 2013, including the first detailed characterization of the synchrotron peak
The 2009 multiwavelength campaign on Mrk 421: variability and correlation studies
Aims. We perform an extensive characterization of the broadband emission of Mrk 421, as well as its temporal evolution, during the non-flaring (low) state. The high brightness and nearby location (z
Unprecedented study of the broadband emission of Mrk 421 during flaring activity in March 2010
Context. Because of its proximity, Mrk 421 is one of the best sources on which to study the nature of BL Lac objects. Its proximity allows us to characterize its broadband spectral energy
MULTIWAVELENGTH STUDY OF QUIESCENT STATES OF Mrk 421 WITH UNPRECEDENTED HARD X-RAY COVERAGE PROVIDED BY NuSTAR IN 2013
We present coordinated multiwavelength observations of the bright, nearby BL Lacertae object Mrk 421 taken in 2013 January–March, involving GASP-WEBT, Swift, NuSTAR, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, VERITAS, and
Multiwavelength observations of Markarian 501 during the 1997 high state
During the observation period 1997, the nearby blazar Mrk 501 showed extremely strong emission and high variability. We examine multiwavelength aspects of this event using radio, optical, soft and
Multiwavelength observations of Markarian 421 in 2001 March: an unprecedented view on the X-ray/TeV correlated variability
We present a detailed analysis of week-long simultaneous observations of the blazar Mrk 421 at 2-60 keV X-rays (RXTE) and TeV γ-rays (Whipple and HEGRA) in 2001. Accompanying optical monitoring was
MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF A FLARE FROM MARKARIAN 501
We present multiwavelength observations of the BL Lacertae object Markarian 501 (Mrk 501) in 1997 between April 8 and April 19. Evidence of correlated variability is seen in very high energy (VHE; E
Simultaneous multiwavelength observation of Mkn 501 in a low state in 2006
We present results of the multiwavelength campaign on the TeV blazar Mkn 501 performed in 2006 July, including MAGIC for the very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray band and Suzaku for the X-ray band. A VHE
Long-Term X-Ray and TeV Variability of Mrk 501
We present X-ray observations of the nearby TeV blazar Mrk 501 obtained with RXTE during 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2004. The goal of this study is twofold: (1) to characterize the long-term X-ray
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