Multi-proxy dating the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan to late 946 CE

  title={Multi-proxy dating the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan to late 946 CE},
  author={Clive Oppenheimer and Lukas Wacker and Jiandong Xu and Juan Diego Galv{\'a}n and Markus Stoffel and S{\'e}bastien Guillet and Christophe Corona and Michael Sigl and Nicola Di Cosmo and I. Hajdas and Bo Pan and Remco E. Breuker and Lea Schneider and Jan Esper and Jie Fei and James O. S. Hammond and Ulf B{\"u}ntgen},
  journal={Quaternary Science Reviews},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Ash From the Changbaishan Qixiangzhan Eruption: A New Early Holocene Marker Horizon Across East Asia

Prehistoric Holocene eruptions of Changbaishan volcano in Northeast China are poorly dated, with the exception of the 946 CE Millennium eruption. Poorly refined age estimates for the earlier

A critical review of the sedimentary record of the ‘Millennium 1 Eruption’ of Changbaishan/Paektu-san volcano

22 The ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan/Paektu-san Volcano, situated today on border between 23 the People’s Republic of China and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, ranks as one of the

Refining the eruptive history of Ulleungdo and Changbaishan volcanoes (East Asia) over the last 86 kyrs using distal sedimentary records

Climatic and societal impacts of a “forgotten” cluster of volcanic eruptions in 1108-1110 CE

It is shown that a unique medieval observation of a “dark” total lunar eclipse attests to a dust veil over Europe in May 1110 CE, corroborating the revised ice-core chronologies and thus revealing a previously unknown major tropical eruption in 1108 CE.

First radiocarbon dating of a Holocene eruption of the Datong volcanic field, eastern China

Verification of the Annual Dating of the 10th Century Baitoushan Volcano Eruption Based on an AD 774–775 Radiocarbon Spike

Abstract The so-called Millennium Eruption of Baitoushan Volcano is one of the largest of the Common Era but its date has been uncertain. Recently, Oppenheimer et al. (2017) reported the eruptive



Climatic impact of the Millennium eruption of Changbaishan volcano in China: New insights from high‐precision radiocarbon wiggle‐match dating

Changbaishan volcano in northeast China, previously dated to have erupted around the mid‐10th century A.D., is renowned for producing one of the largest eruptions in history (magnitude 6.8) and thus

Ash from Changbaishan Millennium eruption recorded in Greenland ice: Implications for determining the eruption's timing and impact

Major volcanic eruptions can impact on global climate by injecting large quantities of aerosols and ash into the atmosphere that alter the radiative balance and chemical equilibrium of the

Climate response to the Samalas volcanic eruption in 1257 revealed by proxy records

The eruption of Samalas in Indonesia in 1257 ranks among the largest sulfur-rich eruptions of the Common Era with sulfur deposition in ice cores reaching twice the volume of the Tambora eruption in

Quantifying gas emissions from the “Millennium Eruption” of Paektu volcano, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea/China

This paper uses a geochemical technique to quantify volatile composition and upper bounds to yields for the Millennium Eruption by examining trends in incompatible trace and volatile element concentrations in crystal-hosted melt inclusions, and estimates that the ME could have emitted as much as 45 Tg of S to the atmosphere.

Distribution, geochemistry and age of the Millennium eruptives of Changbaishan volcano, Northeast China — A review

Large explosive volcanic eruptions generate extensive regional tephra deposits that provide favorable conditions for identifying the source of volcanoes, comparing the sedimentary strata of a region

Cooling and societal change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age from 536 to around 660 AD

Societal upheaval occurred across Eurasia in the sixth and seventh centuries. Tree-ring reconstructions suggest a period of pronounced cooling during this time associated with several volcanic

Volatile emission during the eruption of Baitoushan Volcano (China/North Korea) ca. 969 AD

3 [magma volume (DRE): 24 ± 5 km3]. The main phase (ca. 95 vol.%) is represented by comenditic tephra deposited dominantly as widespread fallout blankets and proximal ignimbrites. The eruption column