Multi‐trait evolution in a cave fish, Astyanax mexicanus

@article{Protas2008MultitraitEI,
  title={Multi‐trait evolution in a cave fish, Astyanax mexicanus},
  author={Meredith E. Protas and Inna Tabansky and Melissa D. Conrad and Joshua B. Gross and Oriol Vidal and Clifford J. Tabin and Richard Borowsky},
  journal={Evolution \& Development},
  year={2008},
  volume={10}
}
SUMMARY When surface species colonize caves, a characteristic suite of traits eventually evolves over time, regardless of species. The genetic basis of the inevitable appearance of these very similar phenotypes was investigated through quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping of 12 traits that differ significantly between the recently evolved (<1 Myr). Mexican cave tetra and its surface conspecific. The traits were a representative set, including eye size, pigment cell numbers, chemical… 

A chromosome-level genome of Astyanax mexicanus surface fish for comparing population-specific genetic differences contributing to trait evolution

TLDR
A high-resolution, chromosome-level surface fish genome is presented, enabling the first genome-wide comparison between surface fish and cavefish populations and confirming the essential role of a gene within an eye size QTL, rx3, in eye formation in A. mexicanus.

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TLDR
The findings indicate that the repeatability of evolution at the genetic level is substantial, suggesting that ancestral standing genetic variation significantly contributed to the population genetic variability used in adaptation to the cave environment.

Genome Editing Using TALENs in Blind Mexican Cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus

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A pipeline to test individual fish for multiple traits provides a novel system to identify genes that underlie naturally occurring genetic variation in morphological and behavioral traits and reveals an association between body length and slower escape reflex in cavefish.

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TLDR
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In-Frame Indel Mutations in the Genome of the Blind Mexican Cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus

TLDR
A genome-wide screen for in-frame indels using alignments of RNA-sequencing reads to the draft cavefish genome reveals previously unappreciated traits evolving in this species under environmental pressures and provides insight to genetic changes underlying convergence of organisms evolving in complete darkness.

The cavefish genome reveals candidate genes for eye loss

TLDR
The first de novo genome assembly for Astyanax mexicanus cavefish is presented, contrast repeat elements to other teleost genomes, identify candidate genes underlying quantitative trait loci (QTL), and assay these candidate genes for potential functional and expression differences.

Utilizing the blind cavefish Astyanax mexicanus to understand the genetic basis of behavioral evolution

  • J. Kowalko
  • Biology
    Journal of Experimental Biology
  • 2020
TLDR
Astyanax mexicanus is an excellent model system for examining the genetic basis of complex traits and multiple avenues of new research that can be pursued using gene editing tools are identified, and how these will enhance the understanding of behavioral evolution is discussed.
...

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