Mugabe's Zimbabwe, 2000-2009: Massive Human Rights Violations and the Failure to Protect

  title={Mugabe's Zimbabwe, 2000-2009: Massive Human Rights Violations and the Failure to Protect},
  author={Rhoda E. Howard-hassmann},
  journal={Human Rights Quarterly},
  pages={898 - 920}
This article reviews human rights violations in Zimbabwe from 2000 to 2009, under the rule of Robert Mugabe. It argues that these violations, including state-induced famine, illegal mass expulsions, and systemic rape, constituted crimes against humanity. The article considers what African regional organizations, including the African Union and the Southern African Development Community, and various organs of the international community did, and might have done, to restrain Mugabe and his inner… 
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