Moyamoya Associated with Down Syndrome : Management Strategies

  title={Moyamoya Associated with Down Syndrome : Management Strategies},
  author={Eric Nussbaum and Patrick Graupman and Leslie A. Nussbaum and John Nasseff},
Introduction: We describe four patients with Down syndrome and moyamoya who were referred for possible cerebral revascularization. The unique features associated with these cases are presented. Methods: A retrospective case review of all inpatient and outpatient records and neuroimaging studies was performed. Results: Three of the four patients were women; all had bilateral moyamoya. Ages ranged from 18 to 34 years. One patient presented with repeated transient ischemic episodes (TIAs) despite… CONTINUE READING


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