Movement disorders in women: A review

  title={Movement disorders in women: A review},
  author={Marcie L. Rabin and Claire Stevens-haas and Emily Havrilla and Tanvi Devi and Roger M. Kurlan},
  journal={Movement Disorders},
The field of women's health developed based on the recognition that there are important sex-based differences regarding several aspects of medical illnesses. [] Key Method We performed a literature review to obtain information about differences between women and men for neurological movement disorders. We identified important differences in prevalence, genetics, clinical expression, course, and treatment responses. In addition, we found that female life events, including menstruation, pregnancy, breast…
Sex differences in movement disorders.
Movement disorders in pregnancy.
Sex differences in movement disorders
An up-to-date review of sex-related differences in PD and the most common hyperkinetic movement disorders, namely, essential tremor, dystonia, Huntington disease and other chorea syndromes, and Tourette syndrome and other chronic tic disorders is provided.
Movement Disorders in Pregnancy
The most common movement disorders arising in pregnancy are restless leg syndrome and chorea gravidarum and the treatment of preexisting movement disorders in women who become pregnant.
Prevalence of Movement Disorders in Pediatric Age Group.
The results indicated that in the study group, 18 cases showed complete recovery at the end of 3 months while 27 patients had partial improvement; the patients showing complete recovery were generally those with secondary to transient etiologies such as drug toxicity, acute cerebellar ataxia and TBM.
The X-Linked Hypothesis of Brain Disorders
An X-linked hypothesis of brain disorders that postulates a neuronal origin of those neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders with a greater male prevalence is proposed, based on the accumulated genetics and genomic evidence linking X chromosome genes and transcripts to neuronal cells.
Adult-onset Sydenham’s chorea or drug-induced movement disorder? A case report
This case report presents the onset of chorea associated to long-term use of oral contraceptives in a young woman without any previous history of movement disorders.
Association between clinical factors and orofacial dyskinesias in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis.
Clinical factors including female biologic sex, increased mRS at admission, psychiatric symptoms, and seizures are suggested to be associated with OFLD in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis.


Gender differences in Parkinson's disease: Clinical characteristics and cognition
Knowledge about differences in the presentation of PD symptoms in men and women and about the pathophysiology underlying those differences may enhance the accuracy and effectiveness of clinical assessment and treatment of the disease.
Pregnancy and movement disorders.
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Effect of hormone variations and other factors on symptom severity in women with dystonia.
Menstrual cycling may result in subjective worsening of Dystonia symptoms in some women with dystonia, and further clinical and physiologic evaluation is indicated in such patients, as they may represent an important subgroup of dystonic patients that might yield some clues to the pathophysiology of dySTONia and to improved treatment strategies.
The effect of pregnancy in Parkinson's disease
The effects of pregnancy on the symptomatology of a 33‐year‐old woman with Parkinson's disease is described using quantitative neurologic and quality‐of‐life scales prepartum, intrapartu, and postpartum.
Coping with menstruation: understanding the needs of women with Parkinson's disease.
The nursing profession has a responsibility to develop models of best practice to enable women of any age to be themselves and to adapt to the rhythm of their hormones as they live and grow older with PD.
Young onset Parkinson's disease. Practical management of medical issues.
A phenomenological investigation of women with Tourette or other chronic tic disorders.
Movement disorders in pregnancy.
Most of the data on the use of drugs during pregnancy, especially the dopaminergic agents, are limited to animal studies and case reports, so it is in part left to the neurologist to decide on treatment based on the individual patient, clinical judgment, and inferences fromAnimal studies and limited case reports.
Menstrual-related changes in motoric function in women with Parkinson’s disease
Although PD severity fluctuated during the study period, there was no significant correlation between the objective or subjective measures of parkinsonism and estrogen and progesterone levels.
Risk factors for Parkinson's disease may differ in men and women: an exploratory study