Mouthguards in sport activities : history, physical properties and injury prevention effectiveness.

  title={Mouthguards in sport activities : history, physical properties and injury prevention effectiveness.},
  author={Joseph J. Knapik and Stephen William Marshall and Robyn B. Lee and Salima S Darakjy and Sarah B Jones and Timothy A Mitchener and Georgia Delacruz and Bruce H. Jones},
  journal={Sports medicine},
  volume={37 2},
Three systematic reviews were conducted on: (i) the history of mouthguard use in sports; (ii) mouthguard material and construction; and (iii) the effectiveness of mouthguards in preventing orofacial injuries and concussions. Retrieval databases and bibliographies were explored to find studies using specific key words for each topic. The first recorded use of mouthguards was by boxers, and in the 1920s professional boxing became the first sport to require mouthguards. Advocacy by the American… CONTINUE READING


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