Motorized two-point safety belt effectiveness in preventing fatalities.

Abstract

The effectiveness of two-point motorized restraint systems in preventing fatalities to outboard front-seat car occupants is estimated using published fatality data for one model car equipped with a motorized two-point-belt system, together with a number of assumptions. Effectiveness estimates are obtained for the motorized belt system as used in the field, which reflects the mix of occupants who do and do not fasten the manual lap belt, and for effectiveness when the lap belt is not used. This latter estimate is, therefore, an estimate of the effectiveness of shoulder belts in preventing fatalities. In the data for the one car model, 18% of the fatally injured occupants were ejected. By assuming that three-point belt systems prevent ejection, these data are used to compute the difference in effectiveness between two-point and three-point systems. The result applies to the two-point belt system used in conjunction with whatever manual belt-use rates occurred in traffic. From published observations of lap-belt-use rates for this same vehicle, the effectiveness of the shoulder belt only is estimated. It is found that effectiveness of the two-point restraint system in conjunction with the lap-belt use that occurred in traffic is (32 +/- 5)%. The effectiveness of the shoulder belt only is estimated as (29 +/- 8)%.

Cite this paper

@article{Evans1991MotorizedTS, title={Motorized two-point safety belt effectiveness in preventing fatalities.}, author={Lynnelle Evans}, journal={Accident; analysis and prevention}, year={1991}, volume={23 2-3}, pages={165-74} }