Motor stereotypy disorders

@article{Muthugovindan2009MotorSD,
  title={Motor stereotypy disorders},
  author={Deivasumathy Muthugovindan and Harvey S. Singer},
  journal={Current Opinion in Neurology},
  year={2009},
  volume={22},
  pages={131–136}
}
Purpose of reviewThis review highlights recent advances in understanding the clinical features, prevalence, and outcomes of motor stereotypy disorders in typically developing children. Recent findingsLongitudinal data indicate that stereotypies in children with normal intelligence show an early age of onset, chronicity, and high prevalence of comorbid difficulties, including tics, obsessive–compulsive behaviors, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The underlying abnormality remains… 
A Comprehensive Review of Motor Stereotypies in Children
TLDR
It appears that the complexity in the pathophysiology makes treatment strategies more difficult and suggests that the motor stereotypies are persistent in adulthood and hence suggesting to parents that they are brief and transient is erroneous.
Motor Stereotypies: A Pathophysiological Review
TLDR
Focusing future studies on typically-developing children with primary motor stereotypies may be a useful approach to minimize potential biological, environmental, and genetic heterogeneity that could theoretically hinder consistent findings.
Clinical Approach to Motor Stereotypies in Autistic Children
TLDR
St stereotypic behavior in autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a repetitive, nonfunctional, fixed pattern of behavior associated with autism severity but it is not specific for ASD.
Tics, tremors and other movement disorders in childhood.
Developmental Profile and Diagnoses in Children Presenting with Motor Stereotypies
TLDR
Motor stereotypies in children with normal cognitive level represent a challenging diagnostic issue for which a finely tailored assessment is mandatory in order to define a precise developmental profile and careful and cautious use of standardized tests is warranted to avoid mis diagnosis.
Motorické stereotypie v dětském věku – kazuistiky
Motor stereotypies are involuntary purposeless coordinated movements manifesting in a certain fixed pattern. stereotypic movements classified as secondary, pathological stereotypies are common in
Stereotypies in adults: a systematic review.
TLDR
This review focuses on the various causes of stereotypic movements in adults, and their pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment.
Neuropsychological function in children with primary complex motor stereotypies
TLDR
This case–control study examines whether children with primary CMS manifest neurobehavioral deficits and examines neuropsychological function in children withPrimary CMS.
Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders in Children: A Brief Review
TLDR
Common types of hyperkinetic abnormal movements in children and adolescents are reviewed with emphasis on etiologies, new classifications and recent treatment strategies.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
The characterization and outcome of stereotypic movements in nonautistic children
  • A. Tan, M. Salgado, S. Fahn
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
  • 1997
TLDR
Of the 10 children who had stereotypies but were not autistic or mentally retarded, only two stopped having stereotypies eventually without medications, and all appeared to be of normal intelligence.
A special type of head stereotypies in children with developmental (?cerebellar) disorder: description of 8 cases and literature review.
TLDR
Eight children presented in the first year of life with isolated head stereotypies that corresponded neither to the usual normal 'rhythmic habit patterns of infancy', nor to various types of abnormal repetitive head movements described in young children, that should prompt a search for cerebellar congenital malformation.
Behavioral Therapy for Treatment of Stereotypic Movements in Nonautistic Children
TLDR
The combined use of habit reversal and differential reinforcement of other behavior is beneficial in reducing motor stereotypies in nonautistic children.
Neuroanatomic correlates of autism and stereotypy in children with Down syndrome
TLDR
Cerebellar white matter volumes were positively correlated with severity of stereotypies, a distinctive feature of ASD in DS, and selective volumetric changes were correlated with neurobehavioral measures to determine their functional significance.
Repetitive behavior disorders in autism
TLDR
The efficacy of dopaminergic, serotonergic, and opiate drugs in diminishing repetitive behavior disorders and their effects in relevant animal models supports such a neurobiological basis.
Adult head‐banging and stereotypic movement disorders
  • M. Mendez, A. Mirea
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
  • 1998
TLDR
Although not diagnostic, the selfstimulatory or pleasurable component of head‐banging, bodyrocking, thumb‐sucking, and other SMD may help distinguish them from tics, Tourette's syndrome, OCD, and deliberate selfharming behavior.
DSM-IV stereotypic movement disorder: persistence of stereotypies of infancy in intellectually normal adolescents and adults.
TLDR
DSM-IV stereotypic movement disorder can be diagnosed in intellectually normal individuals and prominent stereotypies in individuals meeting the DSM-IV criteria for stereotypy/habit disorder seem likely to include rocking and thumb sucking.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...